fg(1)fg(1)NAMEfg - Runs jobs in the foreground
The C shell has a built-in version of the fg command. If you are using
the C shell, and want to guarantee that you are using the command
described here, you must specify the full path /usr/bin/fg. See the
csh(1) reference page for a description of the built-in command.
Interfaces documented on this reference page conform to industry stan‐
dards as follows:
Refer to the standards(5) reference page for more information about
industry standards and associated tags.
Specifies the job to be run as a foreground job. If no job_id operand
is given, the job_id for the job that was most recently suspended,
placed in the background or run as a background job is used. The for‐
mat of job_id is described in the Jobs section of the ksh(1) reference
If job control is enabled (see the description of set -m in the ksh(1)
reference page), the fg utility moves a background job from the current
environment into the foreground.
Using fg to place a job into the foreground removes its process ID from
the list of those “known in the current shell execution environment”;
see the Jobs section of the ksh(1) reference page.
If job control is disabled, the fg utility exits with an error and no
job is placed in the foreground. The fg utility does not work as
expected when it is operating in its own utility execution environment
because that environment has no applicable jobs to manipulate.
The following exit values are returned: Successful completion. An
The following environment variables affect the execution of fg: Pro‐
vides a default value for the internationalization variables that are
unset or null. If LANG is unset or null, the corresponding value from
the default locale is used. If any of the internationalization vari‐
ables contain an invalid setting, the utility behaves as if none of the
variables had been defined. If set to a non-empty string value, over‐
rides the values of all the other internationalization variables.
Determines the locale for the interpretation of sequences of bytes of
text data as characters (for example, single-byte as opposed to multi‐
byte characters in arguments). Determines the locale used to affect
the format and contents of diagnostic messages written to standard
error. Determines the location of message catalogues for the process‐
ing of LC_MESSAGES.
Commands: bg(1), csh(1), jobs(1), kill(1), ksh(1), sh(1p), wait(1)