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ZIC(8)									ZIC(8)

       zic - time zone compiler

       zic  [  -v  ]  [ -d directory ] [ -l localtime ] [ -p posixrules ] [ -L
       leapsecondfilename ] [ -s ] [ filename ... ]

       Zic reads text from the file(s) named on the command line  and  creates
       the  time  conversion  information files specified in this input.  If a
       filename is -, the standard input is read.

       These options are available:

       -d directory
	      Create time conversion information files in the named  directory
	      rather than in the standard directory named below.

       -l timezone
	      Use  the	given time zone as local time.	Zic will act as if the
	      input contained a link line of the form

		   Link timezone       localtime

       -p timezone
	      Use the given time zone's rules when handling POSIX-format  time
	      zone  environment	 variables.  Zic will act as if the input con‐
	      tained a link line of the form

		   Link timezone       posixrules

       -L leapsecondfilename
	      Read leap second information from the file with the given	 name.
	      If  this	option is not used, no leap second information appears
	      in output files.

       -v     Complain if a year that appears in a data file  is  outside  the
	      range of years representable by time(2) values.

       -s     Limit  time values stored in output files to values that are the
	      same whether they're taken to be signed or  unsigned.   You  can
	      use this option to generate SVVS-compatible files.

	      Input  lines  are	 made up of fields.  Fields are separated from
	      one another by any number of white  space	 characters.   Leading
	      and trailing white space on input lines is ignored.  An unquoted
	      sharp character (#) in the  input	 introduces  a	comment	 which
	      extends  to  the end of the line the sharp character appears on.
	      White space characters and sharp characters may be  enclosed  in
	      double quotes (") if they're to be used as part of a field.  Any
	      line that is blank (after comment stripping) is  ignored.	  Non-
	      blank  lines  are	 expected  to  be  of one of three types: rule
	      lines, zone lines, and link lines.

       A rule line has the form


       For example:

	    Rule  USA	1969  1973  -	  Apr  lastSun	2:00  1:00  D

       The fields that make up a rule line are:

       NAME    Gives the (arbitrary) name of the set of	 rules	this  rule  is
	       part of.

       FROM    Gives the first year in which the rule applies.	The word mini‐
	       mum (or an abbreviation) means the minimum year with  a	repre‐
	       sentable	 time  value.	The  word maximum (or an abbreviation)
	       means the maximum year with a representable time value.

       TO      Gives the final year in which the rule applies.	In addition to
	       minimum	and maximum (as above), the word only (or an abbrevia‐
	       tion) may be used to repeat the value of the FROM field.

       TYPE    Gives the type of year in which the rule applies.  If TYPE is -
	       then  the  rule applies in all years between FROM and TO inclu‐
	       sive; if TYPE is uspres, the rule applies in U.S.  Presidential
	       election	 years;	 if TYPE is nonpres, the rule applies in years
	       other than U.S. Presidential election years.  If TYPE is	 some‐
	       thing else, then zic executes the command
		    yearistype year type
	       to check the type of a year: an exit status of zero is taken to
	       mean that the year is of the given type; an exit status of  one
	       is taken to mean that the year is not of the given type.

       IN      Names  the  month  in which the rule takes effect.  Month names
	       may be abbreviated.

       ON      Gives the day on which the rule takes effect.  Recognized forms

		    5	     the fifth of the month
		    lastSun  the last Sunday in the month
		    lastMon  the last Monday in the month
		    Sun>=8   first Sunday on or after the eighth
		    Sun<=25  last Sunday on or before the 25th

	       Names  of days of the week may be abbreviated or spelled out in
	       full.  Note that there must be no spaces within the ON field.

       AT      Gives the time of day at which the rule takes  effect.	Recog‐
	       nized forms include:

		    2	     time in hours
		    2:00     time in hours and minutes
		    15:00    24-hour format time (for times after noon)
		    1:28:14  time in hours, minutes, and seconds

	       Any of these forms may be followed by the letter w if the given
	       time is local "wall clock" time or s if the given time is local
	       "standard"  time;  in the absence of w or s, wall clock time is

       SAVE    Gives the amount of time to be added  to	 local	standard  time
	       when  the rule is in effect.  This field has the same format as
	       the AT field (although, of course, the w and s suffixes are not

	       Gives the "variable part" (for example, the "S" or "D" in "EST"
	       or "EDT") of time zone abbreviations to be used when this  rule
	       is in effect.  If this field is -, the variable part is null.

       A zone line has the form


       For example:

	    Zone  Australia/South-west	9:30	Aus	    CST	    1987 Mar 15 2:00

       The fields that make up a zone line are:

       NAME  The name of the time zone.	 This is the name used in creating the
	     time conversion information file for the zone.

	     The amount of time to add to GMT to get  standard	time  in  this
	     zone.   This  field has the same format as the AT and SAVE fields
	     of rule lines; begin the field with a minus sign if time must  be
	     subtracted from GMT.

	     The  name	of  the rule(s) that apply in the time zone or, alter‐
	     nately, an amount of time to add to local standard time.  If this
	     field is - then standard time always applies in the time zone.

	     The  format  for  time zone abbreviations in this time zone.  The
	     pair of characters %s is used to show where the  "variable	 part"
	     of the time zone abbreviation goes.

       UNTIL The  time	at  which  the	GMT offset or the rule(s) change for a
	     location.	It is specified as a year, a month, a day, and a  time
	     of	 day.  If this is specified, the time zone information is gen‐
	     erated from the given GMT offset and rule change until  the  time

	     The  next	line  must be a "continuation" line; this has the same
	     form as a zone line except that the string "Zone"	and  the  name
	     are  omitted,  as	the  continuation  line will place information
	     starting at the time specified as the UNTIL field in the previous
	     line  in  the file used by the previous line.  Continuation lines
	     may contain an UNTIL field, just as  zone	lines  do,  indicating
	     that the next line is a further continuation.

       A link line has the form

	    Link  LINK-FROM   LINK-TO

       For example:

	    Link  US/Eastern  EST5EDT

       The  LINK-FROM field should appear as the NAME field in some zone line;
       the LINK-TO field is used as an alternate name for that zone.

       Except for continuation lines, lines may appear in  any	order  in  the

       Lines in the file that describes leap seconds have the following form:

       For example:

	    Leap  1974	Dec    31   23:59:60  +	    S

       The  YEAR,  MONTH,  DAY,	 and HH:MM:SS fields tell when the leap second
       happened.  The CORR field should be "+" if a second was added or "-" if
       a  second  was  skipped.	  The R/S field should be (an abbreviation of)
       "Stationary" if the leap second time given by the other	fields	should
       be  interpreted	as  GMT	 or (an abbreviation of) "Rolling" if the leap
       second time given by the other fields should be	interpreted  as	 local
       wall clock time.

       For  areas  with more than two types of local time, you may need to use
       local standard time in the AT field of the earliest  transition	time's
       rule  to	 ensure that the earliest transition time recorded in the com‐
       piled file is correct.

       /etc/zoneinfo	  standard directory used for created files

       newctime(3), tzfile(5), zdump(8)

				 June 1, 1994				ZIC(8)

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