pack-old(n) Tk Built-In Commands pack-old(n)______________________________________________________________________________NAME
pack - Obsolete syntax for packer geometry manager
pack after sibling window options ?window options ...?
pack append parent window options ?window options ...?
pack before sibling window options ?window options ...?
pack unpack window
Note: this manual entry describes the syntax for the pack command as it
existed before Tk version 3.3. Although this syntax continues to be
supported for backward compatibility, it is obsolete and should not be
used anymore. At some point in the future it may cease to be sup‐
The packer is a geometry manager that arranges the children of a parent
by packing them in order around the edges of the parent. The first
child is placed against one side of the window, occupying the entire
span of the window along that side. This reduces the space remaining
for other children as if the side had been moved in by the size of the
first child. Then the next child is placed against one side of the
remaining cavity, and so on until all children have been placed or
there is no space left in the cavity.
The before, after, and append forms of the pack command are used to
insert one or more children into the packing order for their parent.
The before form inserts the children before window sibling in the
order; all of the other windows must be siblings of sibling. The
after form inserts the windows after sibling, and the append form
appends one or more windows to the end of the packing order for parent.
If a window named in any of these commands is already packed in its
parent, it is removed from its current position in the packing order
and repositioned as indicated by the command. All of these commands
return an empty string as result.
The unpack form of the pack command removes window from the packing
order of its parent and unmaps it. After the execution of this command
the packer will no longer manage window's geometry.
The placement of each child is actually a four-step process; the
options argument following each window consists of a list of one or
more fields that govern the placement of that window. In the discus‐
sion below, the term cavity refers to the space left in a parent when a
particular child is placed (i.e. all the space that wasn't claimed by
earlier children in the packing order). The term parcel refers to the
space allocated to a particular child; this is not necessarily the
same as the child window's final geometry.
The first step in placing a child is to determine which side of the
cavity it will lie against. Any one of the following options may be
used to specify a side:
top Position the child's parcel against the top of the cavity, occu‐
pying the full width of the cavity.
bottom Position the child's parcel against the bottom of the cavity,
occupying the full width of the cavity.
left Position the child's parcel against the left side of the cavity,
occupying the full height of the cavity.
right Position the child's parcel against the right side of the cav‐
ity, occupying the full height of the cavity.
At most one of these options should be specified for any given window.
If no side is specified, then the default is top.
The second step is to decide on a parcel for the child. For top and
bottom windows, the desired parcel width is normally the cavity width
and the desired parcel height is the window's requested height, as
passed to Tk_GeometryRequest. For left and right windows, the desired
parcel height is normally the cavity height and the desired width is
the window's requested width. However, extra space may be requested
for the window using any of the following options:
padx num Add num pixels to the window's requested width before com‐
puting the parcel size as described above.
pady num Add num pixels to the window's requested height before com‐
puting the parcel size as described above.
expand This option requests that the window's parcel absorb any
extra space left over in the parent's cavity after packing
all the children. The amount of space left over depends on
the sizes requested by the other children, and may be zero.
If several windows have all specified expand then the extra
width will be divided equally among all the left and right
windows that specified expand and the extra height will be
divided equally among all the top and bottom windows that
If the desired width or height for a parcel is larger than the corre‐
sponding dimension of the cavity, then the cavity's dimension is used
The third step in placing the window is to decide on the window's width
and height. The default is for the window to receive either its
requested width and height or the those of the parcel, whichever is
smaller. If the parcel is larger than the window's requested size,
then the following options may be used to expand the window to par‐
tially or completely fill the parcel:
fill Set the window's size to equal the parcel size.
fillx Increase the window's width to equal the parcel's width, but
retain the window's requested height.
filly Increase the window's height to equal the parcel's height, but
retain the window's requested width.
The last step is to decide the window's location within its parcel. If
the window's size equals the parcel's size, then the window simply
fills the entire parcel. If the parcel is larger than the window, then
one of the following options may be used to specify where the window
should be positioned within its parcel:
frame center Center the window in its parcel. This is the default if
no framing option is specified.
frame n Position the window with its top edge centered on the
top edge of the parcel.
frame ne Position the window with its upper-right corner at the
upper-right corner of the parcel.
frame e Position the window with its right edge centered on the
right edge of the parcel.
frame se Position the window with its lower-right corner at the
lower-right corner of the parcel.
frame s Position the window with its bottom edge centered on the
bottom edge of the parcel.
frame sw Position the window with its lower-left corner at the
lower-left corner of the parcel.
frame w Position the window with its left edge centered on the
left edge of the parcel.
frame nw Position the window with its upper-left corner at the
upper-left corner of the parcel.
The packer manages the mapped/unmapped state of all the packed children
windows. It automatically maps the windows when it packs them, and it
unmaps any windows for which there was no space left in the cavity.
The packer makes geometry requests on behalf of the parent windows it
manages. For each parent window it requests a size large enough to
accommodate all the options specified by all the packed children, such
that zero space would be leftover for expand options.
geometry manager, location, packer, parcel, size
Tk 4.0 pack-old(n)