delay man page on SmartOS

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DELAY(9F)							     DELAY(9F)

       delay - delay execution for a specified number of clock ticks

       #include <sys/ddi.h>

       void delay(clock_t ticks);

       Architecture independent level 1 (DDI/DKI).

		 The number of clock cycles to delay.

       delay()	provides a mechanism for a driver to delay its execution for a
       given period of time. Since the speed of the clock  varies  among  sys‐
       tems,  drivers  should  base  their time values on microseconds and use
       drv_usectohz(9F) to convert microseconds into clock ticks.

       delay() uses timeout(9F) to schedule an internal function to be	called
       after  the  specified  amount  of  time has elapsed. delay() then waits
       until the function is called. Because timeout() is subject to  priority
       inversion,  drivers  waiting on behalf of processes with real-time con‐
       straints should use cv_timedwait(9F) rather than delay().

       delay()	does  not  busy-wait.  If  busy-waiting	  is   required,   use

       delay() can be called from user and kernel contexts.

       Example 1 delay() Example

       Before  a driver I/O routine allocates buffers and stores any user data
       in them, it checks the status of the device (line 12).  If  the	device
       needs manual intervention (such as, needing to be refilled with paper),
       a message is displayed on the system  console  (line  14).  The	driver
       waits an allotted time (line 17) before repeating the procedure.

	  1  struct  device  {	  /* layout of physical device registers */
	  2	     int      control; /* physical device control word */
	  3	     int      status;  /* physical device status word */
	  4	     short    xmit_char;    /* transmit character to device */
	  5  };
		. . .
	  9   /* get device registers  */
	 10	 register struct device *rp = ...
	 12	 while (rp->status & NOPAPER) {	 /* while printer is out of paper */
	 13	  /* display message and ring bell */
		  /* on system console */
	 14	     cmn_err(CE_WARN, "^\007",
	 15			       (getminor(dev) & 0xf));
	 16	     /* wait one minute and try again */
	 17	     delay(60 * drv_usectohz(1000000));
	 18	 }

       biodone(9F),	biowait(9F),	cv_timedwait(9F),    ddi_in_panic(9F),
       drv_hztousec(9F),  drv_usectohz(9F),   drv_usecwait(9F),	  timeout(9F),

       Writing Device Drivers

				 Oct 15, 2001			     DELAY(9F)

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