ASSERT(3P) POSIX Programmer's Manual ASSERT(3P)PROLOG
This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux
implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding
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NAMEassert — insert program diagnostics
void assert(scalar expression);
The functionality described on this reference page is aligned with the
ISO C standard. Any conflict between the requirements described here
and the ISO C standard is unintentional. This volume of POSIX.1‐2008
defers to the ISO C standard.
The assert() macro shall insert diagnostics into programs; it shall
expand to a void expression. When it is executed, if expression (which
shall have a scalar type) is false (that is, compares equal to 0),
assert() shall write information about the particular call that failed
on stderr and shall call abort().
The information written about the call that failed shall include the
text of the argument, the name of the source file, the source file line
number, and the name of the enclosing function; the latter are, respec‐
tively, the values of the preprocessing macros __FILE__ and __LINE__
and of the identifier __func__.
Forcing a definition of the name NDEBUG, either from the compiler com‐
mand line or with the preprocessor control statement #define NDEBUG
ahead of the #include <assert.h> statement, shall stop assertions from
being compiled into the program.
The assert() macro shall not return a value.
No errors are defined.
The following sections are informative.
SEE ALSOabort(), stdin
The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1‐2008, <assert.h>
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form
from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2013 Edition, Standard for Information Technology
-- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base
Specifications Issue 7, Copyright (C) 2013 by the Institute of Electri‐
cal and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. (This is
POSIX.1-2008 with the 2013 Technical Corrigendum 1 applied.) In the
event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and
The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard
is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online
at http://www.unix.org/online.html .
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IEEE/The Open Group 2013 ASSERT(3P)