wildmat man page on 4.4BSD

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WILDMAT(3)							    WILDMAT(3)

       wildmat - perform shell-style wildcard matching

       wildmat(text, pattern)
	   char	      *text;
	   char	      *pattern;

       Wildmat	compares  the text against the pattern and returns non-zero if
       the pattern matches the text.  The pattern is interpreted according  to
       rules  similar  to  shell filename wildcards, and not as a full regular
       expression such as those handled by the grep(1) family of  programs  or
       the regex(3) or regexp(3) set of routines.

       The pattern is interpreted as follows:

       \x     Turns off the special meaning of x and matches it directly; this
	      is used mostly before a question mark or asterisk,  and  is  not
	      special inside square brackets.

       ?      Matches any single character.

       *      Matches any sequence of zero or more characters.

	      Matches  any  single  character  specified  by the set x...y.  A
	      minus sign may be used to indicate a range of characters.	  That
	      is,  [0-5abc]  is	 a  shorthand  for [012345abc].	 More than one
	      range may appear inside a character set;	[0-9a-zA-Z._]  matches
	      almost  all  of the legal characters for a host name.  The close
	      bracket, ], may be used if it is the first character in the set.
	      The minus sign, -, may be used if it is either the first or last
	      character in the set.

	      This matches any character not in the set x...y, which is inter‐
	      preted as described above.  For example, [^]-] matches any char‐
	      acter other than a close bracket or minus sign.

       Written by Rich $alz <rsalz@uunet.uu.net> in 1986, and posted to Usenet
       several	times  since then, most notably in comp.sources.misc in March,

       Lars Mathiesen <thorinn@diku.dk> enhanced  the  multi-asterisk  failure
       mode in early 1991.

       Rich and Lars increased the efficiency of star patterns and reposted it
       to comp.sources.misc in April, 1991.

       Robert Elz <kre@munnari.oz.au> added minus sign and close bracket  han‐
       dling in June, 1991.

       This is revision 1.10, dated 1992/04/03.

       grep(1), regex(3), regexp(3).


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