who(1)who(1)NAMEwho - Identifies users currently logged in
SYNOPSISwho [-a] | [-AbdhHlmMpqrstTu] [file]
who am I
who am i
The who command displays information about users and processes on the
Interfaces documented on this reference page conform to industry stan‐
dards as follows:
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industry standards and associated tags.
Specifies all options; processes /var/adm/utmp or the named file with
all options on. Equivalent to using the -b, -d, -l, -p, -r, -t, -T, and
-u options. [Tru64 UNIX] Displays accounting entries from the speci‐
fied file. Accounting information is stored in the /var/adm/wtmp file,
so you should specify that file. If you omit the file argument, the who
command attempts to display information from the /var/adm/utmp file,
which normally contains no accounting information. If accounting has
never been enabled on your system, this option causes the who command
to produce no output. Indicates the most recent system start-up time
and date. Displays all processes that have expired without being
regenerated by init. The exit_status field appears for dead processes
and contains the termination and exit values (as returned by wait) of
the dead processes. (This option is useful for determining why a
process ended.) [Tru64 UNIX] Displays a help message. Displays a
header (title). Lists only terminals not in use. The user field is
LOGIN in such cases. Other fields are the same as for user entries
except that the state field does not appear. Displays information
about the current terminal (same as who am i or who am I). [Tru64
UNIX] Lists only the user, line, time and host (if not null) fields.
Lists any active process that is currently active and was previously
generated by init. Prints a quick listing of users and the number of
users on the local system. When you use this option, all other options
are ignored. Indicates the current run-level of the system and pro‐
vides information about the system's state. An example might be:
. run-level 3 Jan 02 07:34 3 0 S
. is a placeholder for the user name field.
Jan 02 07:34 is when the current run-level was last entered.
The 3 is the current state or run level (termination status).
The 0 is the number of times the current state has been entered
The S is an identification of the previous state or run level
(exit status). Lists only the user, line and the time fields.
(This is the default; thus, who and who-s are equivalent).
Indicates the last change to the system clock by the superuser
using the date command. Displays the status of the terminal
line and indicates who can write to that terminal as follows:
Writable by anyone. Writable only by the superuser or the ter‐
minal's owner. [Tru64 UNIX] Bad line encountered. Displays
the username, terminal name, login time, line activity and the
process-ID of each current user.
Name of the file to be used, instead of /var/adm/utmp, to obtain the
The who command displays the following information for the users and/or
processes you specify: Login name Terminal name Date Time of login Host
Entering who am i or who am I displays your login name, terminal name,
date and time you logged in and the host. This is equivalent to the -m
[Tru64 UNIX] Entering whoami displays your login name only.
With options, who also can display the elapsed time since line activity
occurred, the process-ID of the command interpreter (shell), logins,
logouts, restarts and changes to the system clock, as well as other
processes generated by the init process.
The general output format of the who command is as follows: user
[state] line time activity process_ID [exit_status]
user is the user's login name. state indicates whether or not the line
is readable by everyone (see the -T option). line is the name of the
line as found in the /dev directory. time is the time that user logged
in. activity is the hours and minutes since activity last occurred on
that user's line. A (dot) here indicates line activity within the last
minute. If the line has been quiet more than 24 hours or has not been
used since the last system start-up, the entry is marked as old.
process_ID is the process-ID of the user's shell. exit_status is the
exit status of ended processes (see the -d option).
[Tru64 UNIX] To obtain its information, who normally examines
/var/adm/utmp. If you specify another file, who examines the named
file instead. This file will usually be /var/adm/wtmp, which contains
the history of all logins since the file was last created.
Note that who only identifies users on the local node.
To display information about who is using the local system, enter: who
Information similar to the following is displayed: george con‐
sole Jun 8 08:34 To display your username, enter: whoami
Information similar to the following is displayed: huang To dis‐
play a history of logins, logouts, system start-ups and system
shutdowns, enter: who /var/adm/wtmp
Information similar to the following is displayed: huang con‐
sole Jun 8 08:34 john console Jun 8 08:34 rachel console Jun
8 08:22 spike ttyp4 Jun 8 09:19 To display the run-level of
the local system, enter: who-r
Information similar to the following is displayed: run-level 3
Jan 05 08:36 3 0 S To display any active process
that is currently active and was previously generated by init,
Information similar to the following is displayed: . tty4 Jun
8 04:15 . tty7 Jun 8 04:15 . tty14 Jun
The following exit values are returned: Successful completion. An
The following environment variables affect the execution of who: Pro‐
vides a default value for the internationalization variables that are
unset or null. If LANG is unset or null, the corresponding value from
the default locale is used. If any of the internationalization vari‐
ables contain an invalid setting, the utility behaves as if none of the
variables had been defined. If set to a non-empty string value, over‐
rides the values of all the other internationalization variables.
Determines the locale for the interpretation of sequences of bytes of
text data as characters (for example, single-byte as opposed to multi‐
byte characters in arguments). Determines the locale for the format
and contents of diagnostic messages written to standard error. Deter‐
mines the locale used for the format and contents of date and time
strings in the output. Determines the location of message catalogues
for the processing of LC_MESSAGES.
Contains user and accounting information. Contains login history.
Commands: date(1), init(8), login(1), mesg(1), su(1), rwho(1),
users(1), wait(1), whoami(1)