VACATION(1) BSD General Commands Manual VACATION(1)NAMEvacation — return ``I am not here'' indication
SYNOPSISvacation-i [-r interval]
vacation [-a alias] login
Vacation returns a message to the sender of a message telling them that
you are currently not reading your mail. The intended use is in a
.forward file. For example, your .forward file might have:
\eric, "|/usr/bin/vacation -a allman eric"
which would send messages to you (assuming your login name was eric) and
reply to any messages for “eric” or “allman”.
Handle messages for alias in the same manner as those received
for the user's login name.
-i Initialize the vacation database files. It should be used before
you modify your .forward file.
-r Set the reply interval to interval days. The default is one
week. An interval of “0” means that a reply is sent to each mes‐
sage, and an interval of “infinite” (actually, any non-numeric
character) will never send more than one reply. It should be
noted that intervals of “0” are quite dangerous, as it allows
mailers to get into “I am on vacation” loops.
No message will be sent unless login (or an alias supplied using the -a
option) is part of either the “To:” or “Cc:” headers of the mail. No
messages from “???-REQUEST”, “Postmaster”, “UUCP”, “MAILER”, or
“MAILER-DAEMON” will be replied to (where these strings are case insensi‐
tive) nor is a notification sent if a “Precedence: bulk” or “Precedence:
junk” line is included in the mail headers. The people who have sent you
messages are maintained as a db(3) database in the file .vacation.db in
your home directory.
Vacation expects a file .vacation.msg, in your home directory, containing
a message to be sent back to each sender. It should be an entire message
(including headers). For example, it might contain:
From: eric@CS.Berkeley.EDU (Eric Allman)
Subject: I am on vacation
Delivered-By-The-Graces-Of: The Vacation program
I am on vacation until July 22. If you have something urgent,
please contact Keith Bostic <bostic@CS.Berkeley.EDU>.
Vacation reads the first line from the standard input for a UNIX “From”
line to determine the sender. Sendmail(8) includes this “From” line
Fatal errors, such as calling vacation with incorrect arguments, or with
non-existent logins, are logged in the system log file, using syslog(8).
~/.vacation.db database file
~/.vacation.msg message to send
SEE ALSOsendmail(8), syslog(8)HISTORY
The vacation command appeared in 4.3BSD.
4.3 Berkeley Distribution April 28, 1995 4.3 Berkeley Distribution