utf2 man page on 4.4BSD

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UTF2(4)			 BSD Kernel Interfaces Manual		       UTF2(4)

     UTF2 — Universal character set Transformation Format encoding of runes


     The UTF2 encoding is based on a proposed X-Open multibyte FSS-UCS-TF
     (File System Safe Universal Character Set Transformation Format) encoding
     as used in Plan 9 from Bell Labs. Although it is capable of representing
     more than 16 bits, the current implementation is limited to 16 bits as
     defined by the Unicode Standard.

     UTF2 representation is backwards compatible with ASCII, so 0x00-0x7f
     refer to the ASCII character set.	The multibyte encoding of runes
     between 0x0080 and 0xffff consist entirely of bytes whose high order bit
     is set.  The actual encoding is represented by the following table:

     [0x0000 - 0x007f] [00000000.0bbbbbbb] -> 0bbbbbbb
     [0x0080 - 0x03ff] [00000bbb.bbbbbbbb] -> 110bbbbb, 10bbbbbb
     [0x0400 - 0xffff] [bbbbbbbb.bbbbbbbb] -> 1110bbbb, 10bbbbbb, 10bbbbbb

     If more than a single representation of a value exists (for example,
     0x00; 0xC0 0x80; 0xE0 0x80 0x80) the shortest representation is always
     used (but the longer ones will be correctly decoded).

     The final three encodings provided by X-Open:

     [00000000.000bbbbb.bbbbbbbb.bbbbbbbb] ->
	     11110bbb, 10bbbbbb, 10bbbbbb, 10bbbbbb

     [000000bb.bbbbbbbb.bbbbbbbb.bbbbbbbb] ->
	     111110bb, 10bbbbbb, 10bbbbbb, 10bbbbbb, 10bbbbbb

     [0bbbbbbb.bbbbbbbb.bbbbbbbb.bbbbbbbb] ->
	     1111110b, 10bbbbbb, 10bbbbbb, 10bbbbbb, 10bbbbbb, 10bbbbbb

     which provides for the entire proposed ISO-10646 31 bit standard are cur‐
     rently not implemented.

     mklocale(1), setlocale(3)

BSD			       December 7, 2021				   BSD

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