PSTAT(8) BSD System Manager's Manual PSTAT(8)NAMEpstat — display system data structures
SYNOPSISpstat [-Tfnstv] [-M core] [-N system]
Pstat displays open file entry, swap space utilization, terminal state,
and vnode data structures. If corefile is given, the information is
sought there, otherwise in /dev/kmem. The required namelist is taken
from /vmunix unless system is specified. The -n option specifies that
devices should be printed out by major/minor number rather than by name.
-T Prints the number of used and free slots in the several system
tables and is useful for checking to see how large system tables
have become if the system is under heavy load.
-f Print the open file table with these headings:
LOC The core location of this table entry.
TYPE The type of object the file table entry points to.
FLG Miscellaneous state variables encoded thus:
R open for reading
W open for writing
A open for appending
S shared lock present
X exclusive lock present
I signal pgrp when data ready
CNT Number of processes that know this open file.
MSG Number of messages outstanding for this file.
DATA The location of the vnode table entry or socket structure
for this file.
OFFSET The file offset (see lseek(2)).
-s Print information about swap space usage on all the swap areas
compiled into the kernel. The first column is the device name of
the partition. The next column is the total space available in
the partition. The Used column indicates the total blocks used
so far; the Available column indicates how much space is remain‐
ing on each partition. The Capacity reports the percentage of
If more than one partition is configured into the system, totals
for all of the statistics will be reported in the final line of
-t Print table for terminals with these headings:
RAW Number of characters in raw input queue.
CAN Number of characters in canonicalized input queue.
OUT Number of characters in putput queue.
MODE See tty(4).
ADDR Physical device address.
DEL Number of delimiters (newlines) in canonicalized input
COL Calculated column position of terminal.
STATE Miscellaneous state variables encoded thus:
T delay timeout in progress
W waiting for open to complete
F outq has been flushed during DMA
C carrier is on
B busy doing output
A process is awaiting output
X open for exclusive use
S output stopped
H hangup on close
PGRP Process group for which this is controlling terminal.
DISC Line discipline; blank is old tty OTTYDISC or ‘new tty’
for NTTYDISC or ‘net’ for NETLDISC (see bk(4)).
-v Print the active vnodes. Each group of vnodes corresponding to a
particular filesystem is preceded by a two line header. The
first line consists of the following:
*** MOUNT fstype from on on fsflags
where fstype is one of ufs, nfs, mfs, or pc; from is the filesys‐
tem is mounted from; on is the directory the filesystem is
mounted on; and fsflags is a list of optional flags applied to
the mount (see mount(8)). the first part of which are fixed, and
the second part are filesystem type specific. The headers common
to all vnodes are:
ADDR Location of this vnode.
TYP File type.
A list of letters representing vnode flags:
R - VROOT
T - VTEXT
L - VXLOCK
W - VXWANT
E - VEXLOCK
S - VSHLOCK
T - VLWAIT
A - VALIASED
B - VBWAIT
USE The number of references to this vnode.
HOLD The number of I/O buffers held by this vnode.
FILEID The vnode fileid. In the case of ufs this is the inode
IFLAG Miscellaneous filesystem specific state variables encoded
U update time (fs(5)) must be corrected
A access time must be corrected
W wanted by another process (L flag is on)
C changed time must be corrected
S shared lock applied
E exclusive lock applied
Z someone waiting for a lock
M contains modifications
R has a rename in progress
W waiting for I/O buffer flush to complete
P I/O buffers being flushed
M locally modified data exists
E an earlier write failed
X non-cacheable lease (nqnfs)
O write lease (nqnfs)
G lease was evicted (nqnfs)
Number of bytes in an ordinary file, or major and minor
device of special file.
/dev/kmem default source of tables
SEE ALSOiostat(1), ps(1), systat(1), vmstat(1), stat(2), fs(5),
Swap statistics are reported for all swap partitions compiled into the
kernel, regardless of whether those partitions are being used.
Does not understand NFS swap servers.
The pstat command appeared in 4.0BSD.
4th Berkeley Distribution May 13, 1994 4th Berkeley Distribution