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PKGIN(1)		  BSD General Commands Manual		      PKGIN(1)

     pkgin — A tool to manage pkgsrc binary packages.

     pkgin [-dfFhPvVyn] [-l limit_chars] [-c chroot_path] [-t log_file]
	   command [package ...]

     The pkgin command is aimed at being an apt / yum like tool for managing
     pkgsrc binary packages.  It relies on pkg_summary(5) for installation,
     removal and upgrade of packages and associated dependencies, using a
     remote repository.

     The following command line arguments are supported:

     -d	     Download only.

     -f	     Force database update.

     -F	     Force package reinstall.

     -h	     Displays help for the command.

     -P	     Displays packages versions instead of globs (sd, sfd, srd)

     -v	     Displays pkgin version

     -V	     Be verbose when (un)installing

     -y	     Assumes "yes" as default answer, except for autoremove.

     -n	     Assumes "no" as default answer.

     -l limit_chars
	     Only include the packages with the specified status flags.

     -c chroot_path
	     Enable chrooting pkgin in the given repository

     -t log_file
	     Logs package browsing (dependencies and impact) to a given log

     The pkgin utility provides several commands:

     autoremove	 Automatically removes orphan dependencies.
     avail	 Lists all packages available in the repository.
     clean	 Delete downloaded packages from the cache directory.
     export	 Export the list of non-autoremovable packages to stdout (one
		 category/package by line)
		 Upgrade all packages to their newer versions present in the
     import file
		 Import a list of packages to be installed from file (one cat‐
		 egory/package by line)
     install package ...
		 Performs installation or upgrade of package.  If more than
		 one packages are specified on the command-line, all will be
		 installed (or upgraded).
     keep package ...
		 Marks package as "non auto-removable".	 This means that a
		 package that has, for instance, been compiled manually from
		 pkgsrc, can't be removed through a pkgin upgrade.  More than
		 one package can be specified on the command-line, to mark
		 several packages as non-removable in a single command.
     list	 Lists all packages installed locally on a system. If the l
		 modifier is added to this command, show only packages match‐
		 ing the status flag.
     pkg-content package
		 Show remote package content.
     pkg-descr package
		 Show remote package long-description.
     pkg-build-defs package
		 Show remote package build definitions.
     provides package
		 Shows what a package provides to others
     remove package ...
		 Removes package as well as all packages depending on it.
		 When more than one package are specified, they will all be
		 uninstalled.  By default, it will prompt you to confirm
		 before package removals.
     requires package
		 Shows what a package requires from others packages.
     search pattern
		 Performs a regular expression search for a pattern in the
     show-deps	 Displays all direct dependencies
     show-full-deps package
		 Displays all direct dependencies recursively
     show-rev-deps package
		 Displays all reverse direct dependencies for package.	If
		 more than one package is specified, pkgin will show recur‐
		 sively reverse direct dependencies for all packages on the
     show-category category
		 Show packages belonging to category.
     show-pkg-category package
		 Show package category.
     show-keep	 Display "non auto-removable" packages.
		 Display "auto-removable" packages.
     unkeep package ...
		 Marks package as "auto-removable".  If no other package
		 depends on it, it will be removed when using the autoremove
     update	 Creates and populates the initial database of locally
		 installed packages and available packages (from the remote
		 pkg_summary(5) list).	This is done automatically when pkgin
		 is first used, when the system package database has been mod‐
		 ified.	 or when pkgin is upgraded to a new database version.
     upgrade	 Upgrade keepable packages to their newer versions present in
		 the repository.  If the installed dependencies match the
		 listed needed dependencies, don't upgrade them.

     When using the l flag along with the list command, the following status
     flag must be set:

     =	     The installed version of the package is current.

     <	     The installed version of the package is older than the current

     >	     The installed version of the package is newer than the current

	     The PKG_REPOS environment variable can be pointed to a suitable
	     repository or a list of space separated repositories in order to
	     override /opt/local/etc/pkgin/repositories.conf

	     This file contains a list of repository URIs that pkgin will use.
	     It may contain macros $arch to define the machine hardware plat‐
	     form and $osrelease to define the release version for the operat‐
	     ing system (as reported by uname(3)).

     Setup the initial database:

     # echo > /opt/local/etc/pkgin/repositories.conf
     # pkgin update
     processing local summary...
     updating database: 100%
     downloading pkg_summary.bz2: 100%
     processing remote summary (
     updating database: 100%

     Listing all packages available in the repository:

     # pkgin avail | more
     autoconf-2.63	  Generates automatic source code configuration scripts
     aumix-gtk-2.8nb3	  Set mix levels (ncurses and GTK+ 2.0 interfaces)
     aumix-2.8nb7	  Set mix levels (ncurses interface only)
     august-0.63b	  Simple Tk-based HTML editor
     audacity-1.2.6nb3	  Audio editor

     Install packages and their dependencies:

     # pkgin install links eterm
     nothing to upgrade.
     11 packages to be installed: tiff-3.8.2nb4 png-1.2.35 libungif-4.1.4nb1 libltdl-1.5.26 jpeg-6bnb4 pcre-7.8 perl-5.10.0nb5 libast-0.6.1nb3 imlib2-1.4.2nb1 links-2.2nb1 eterm-0.9.4nb1 (25M to download, 64M to install)
     proceed ? [y/N]

     Remove packages and their reverse dependencies:

     # pkgin remove links eterm
     2 packages to delete: links-2.2nb1 eterm-0.9.4nb1
     proceed ? [y/N]

     Remove orphan dependencies:

     # pkgin autoremove
     in order to remove packages from the autoremove list, flag those with the -k modifier.
     9 packages to be autoremoved: libast-0.6.1nb3 pcre-7.8 imlib2-1.4.2nb1 tiff-3.8.2nb4 png-1.2.35 libungif-4.1.4nb1 libltdl-1.5.26 perl-5.10.0nb5 jpeg-6bnb4
     proceed ? [y/N]

     pkg_add(1), pkg_info(1), pkg_summary(5), pkgsrc(7)

     Emile “iMil” Heitor
	     Initial work and ongoing development.

     Jeremy C. Reed
	     Testing and refinements.
     Arnaud Ysmal
	     Tests and patches
     Claude Charpentier
	     SQLite schema, and SQL queries debugging.
     Guillaume Lasmayous
	     Man page
     Antonio Huete Jimenez
	     DragonFly port
     Min Sik Kim
	     Darwin port
     Filip Hajny
	     SunOS port
     Baptiste Daroussin
	     FreeBSD port and patches
     Gautam B.T.
	     MINIX port

     We're hunting them.

BSD				  Dec 6, 2009				   BSD

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