pine(1)pine(1)NAMEpine - a Program for Internet News and Email
SYNTAXpine [ options ] [ address , address ]
pinef [ options ] [ address , address ]
Pine is a screen-oriented message-handling tool. In its default con‐
figuration, Pine offers an intentionally limited set of functions
geared toward the novice user, but it also has a growing list of
optional "power-user" and personal-preference features. pinef is a
variant of Pine that uses function keys rather than mnemonic single-
letter commands. Pine's basic feature set includes:
View, Save, Export, Delete, Print, Reply and Forward messages.
Compose messages in a simple editor (Pico) with word-wrap and a
spelling checker. Messages may be postponed for later comple‐
Full-screen selection and management of message folders.
Address book to keep a list of long or frequently-used
addresses. Personal distribution lists may be defined.
Addresses may be taken into the address book from incoming mail
without retyping them.
New mail checking and notification occurs automatically every
2.5 minutes and after certain commands, e.g. refresh-screen
On-line, context-sensitive help screens.
Pine supports MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions), an Internet
Standard for representing multipart and multimedia data in email. Pine
allows you to save MIME objects to files, and in some cases, can also
initiate the correct program for viewing the object. It uses the sys‐
tem's mailcap configuration file to determine what program can process
a particular MIME object type. Pine's message composer does not have
integral multimedia capability, but any type of data file --including
multimedia-- can be attached to a text message and sent using MIME's
encoding rules. This allows any group of individuals with MIME-capable
mail software (e.g. Pine, PC-Pine, or many other programs) to exchange
formatted documents, spread-sheets, image files, etc, via Internet
Pine uses the c-client messaging API to access local and remote mail
folders. This library provides a variety of low-level message-handling
functions, including drivers for a variety of different mail file for‐
mats, as well as routines to access remote mail and news servers, using
IMAP (Internet Message Access Protocol) and NNTP (Network News Trans‐
port Protocol). Outgoing mail is usually handed-off to the Unix send‐
mail, program but it can optionally be posted directly via SMTP (Simple
Mail Transfer Protocol).
The command line options/arguments are:
address Send mail to address. This will cause Pine to go
directly into the message composer.
-a Special anonymous mode for UWIN*
-attach file Send mail with the listed file as an attachment.
Send mail with the listed file as an attachment,
and remove the file after the message is sent.
Send mail with the listed file-list as an attach‐
-c context-number context-number is the number corresponding to the
folder-collection to which the -f command line
argument should be applied. By default the -f
argument is applied to the first defined folder-
-d debug-level Output diagnostic info at debug-level (0-9) to the
current .pine-debug[1-4] file. A value of 0 turns
debugging off and suppresses the .pine-debug file.
-d key[=val] Fine tuned output of diagnostic messages where
"flush" causes debug file writing without buffer‐
ing, "timestamp" appends each message with a time‐
stamp, "imap=n" where n is between 0 and 4 repre‐
senting none to verbose IMAP telemetry reporting,
"numfiles=n" where n is between 0 and 31 corre‐
sponding to the number of debug files to maintain,
and "verbose=n" where n is between 0 and 9 indicat‐
ing an inverse threshold for message output.
-f folder Open folder (in first defined folder collection,
use -c n to specify another collection) instead of
-F file Open named text file and view with Pine's browser.
-h Help: list valid command-line options.
-i Start up in the FOLDER INDEX screen.
-I keystrokes Initial (comma separated list of) keystrokes which
Pine should execute on startup.
-k Use function keys for commands. This is the same as
running the command pinef.
-n number Start up with current message-number set to number.
-nr Special mode for UWIN*
-o Open first folder read-only.
-p config-file Use config-file as the personal configuration file
instead of the default .pinerc.
-P config-file Use config-file as the configuration file instead
of default system-wide configuration file
-r Use restricted/demo mode. Pine will only send mail
to itself and functions like save and export are
-url url Open the given url. Cannot be used with -f, -F, or
-z Enable ^Z and SIGTSTP so pine may be suspended.
-bail Exit if the pinerc file does not exist
-conf Produce a sample/fresh copy of the system-wide con‐
figuration file, pine.conf, on the standard output.
This is distinct from the per-user .pinerc file.
-create_lu addrbook sort-order
Creates auxiliarly index (look-up) file for addr‐
book and sorts addrbook in sort-order, which may be
dont-sort, nickname, fullname, nickname-with-lists-
last, or fullname-with-lists-last. Useful when
creating global or shared address books. After
creating the index file in this way, the file
should be moved or copied in a way which preserves
the mtime of the address book file. The mtime of
the address book file at the time the index file
was built is stored inside the index file and a
comparison between that stored value and the cur‐
rent mtime of the address book file is done when
somebody runs pine. If the mtime has changed since
the index file was made, then pine will want to
rebuild the index file. In other words, don't
build the index file with this option and then copy
the address book to its final destination in a way
which changes the file's mtime.
-pinerc file Output fresh pinerc configuration to file.
-sort order Sort the FOLDER INDEX display in one of the follow‐
ing orders: arrival, subject, from, date, size,
orderedsubj or reverse. Arrival order is the
default. The OrderedSubj choice simulates a
threaded sort. Any sort may be reversed by adding
/reverse to it. Reverse by itself is the same as
-option=value Assign value to the config option option e.g. -sig‐
nature-file=sig1 or -feature-list=signature-at-bot‐
tom (Note: feature-list values are additive)
* UWIN = University of Washington Information Navigator
There are several levels of Pine configuration. Configuration values
at a given level over-ride corresponding values at lower levels. In
order of increasing precedence:
o built-in defaults.
o system-wide pine.conf file.
o personal .pinerc file (may be set via built-in Setup/Config menu.)
o command-line options.
o system-wide pine.conf.fixed file.
There is one exception to the rule that configuration values are
replaced by the value of the same option in a higher-precedence file:
the feature-list variable has values that are additive, but can be
negated by prepending "no-" in front of an individual feature name.
Unix Pine also uses the following environment variables:
DISPLAY (determines if Pine can display IMAGE attachments.)
SHELL (if not set, default is /bin/sh )
MAILCAPS (semicolon delimited list of path names to mailcap files)
/usr/spool/mail/xxxx Default folder for incoming mail.
~/mail Default directory for mail folders.
~/.addressbook Default address book file.
~/.addressbook.lu Default address book index file.
~/.pine-debug[1-4] Diagnostic log for debugging.
~/.pinerc Personal pine config file.
~/.newsrc News subscription/state file.
~/.signature Default signature file.
~/.mailcap Personal mail capabilities file.
~/.mime.types Personal file extension to MIME type map‐
/etc/mailcap System-wide mail capabilities file.
/etc/mime.types System-wide file ext. to MIME type mapping
/usr/local/lib/pine.info Local pointer to system administrator.
/usr/local/lib/pine.conf System-wide configuration file.
/usr/local/lib/pine.conf.fixed Non-overridable configuration file.
/tmp/.\usr\spool\mail\xxxx Per-folder mailbox lock files.
~/.pine-interrupted-mail Message which was interrupted.
~/mail/postponed-msgs For postponed messages.
~/mail/sent-mail Outgoing message archive (FCC).
~/mail/saved-messages Default destination for Saving messages.
SEE ALSOpico(1), binmail(1), aliases(5), mailaddr(7), sendmail(8), spell(1),
Pine Information Center: http://www.washington.edu/pine
Source distribution: ftp://ftp.cac.washington.edu/pine/pine.tar.Z
Pine Technical Notes, included in the source distribution.
C-Client messaging API library, included in the source distribution.
The University of Washington Pine development team (part of the UW Office
of Computing & Communications) includes:
Project Leader: Mike Seibel
Principal authors: Mike Seibel, Steve Hubert, Laurence Lundblade*
C-Client library & IMAPd: Mark Crispin
Pico, the PIne COmposer: Mike Seibel
Documentation: Many people!
PC-Pine for Windows: Tom Unger, Mike Seibel
Project oversight: Terry Gray, Lori Stevens
Principal Patrons: Ron Johnson, Mike Bryant
Additional support: NorthWestNet
Initial Pine code base: Elm, by Dave Taylor & USENET Community Trust
Initial Pico code base: MicroEmacs 3.6, by Dave G. Conroy
User Interface design: Inspired by UCLA's "Ben" mailer for MVS
Suggestions/fixes/ports: Folks from all over!
Copyright 1989-1999 by the University of Washington.
Pine and Pico are trademarks of the University of Washington.
$Date: 1999/11/04 01:54:26 $
Version 4.21 pine(1)