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newgrp(1)							     newgrp(1)

       newgrp - Changes primary group identification of a shell process

       newgrp [-l] [group]

   Obsolete Synopsis
       newgrp [-] [group]


       The  C shell  has a built-in version of the newgrp command.  If you are
       using the C shell, and want to guarantee that you are using the command
       described  here,	 you  must specify the full path /usr/bin/newgrp.  See
       the csh(1) reference page for a description of the built-in command.

       Interfaces documented on this reference page conform to industry	 stan‐
       dards as follows:

       newgrp:	XCU5.0

       Refer  to  the  standards(5)  reference page for more information about
       industry standards and associated tags.

       Changes the login environment to what would be  expected	 if  the  user
       logged  in  again.   Changes  the  login	 environment  to what would be
       expected if the user logged in again.  (Obsolescent)

       A group name from the group database or a  non-negative	numeric	 group
       ID.  Specifies  the  group ID to which the real and effective group IDs
       will be set. If group is a non-negative numeric string  and  exists  in
       the  group  database  as	 a group name, the numeric group ID associated
       with that group name will be used as the group ID.

       The newgrp command changes the primary group identification of the cur‐
       rent  shell  process  to	 group.	  You remain logged in and the current
       directory is unchanged, but calculations of access permissions to files
       are performed with respect to the primary group ID.

       If  you	do  not specify group, newgrp changes the group identification
       back to that specified for the current user in  the  /etc/passwd	 file.
       Only  exported  environment  variables  retain  their  values after you
       invoke newgrp.  Otherwise, variables with a default value are reset  to
       that default.

       If  a  password	is  required  for the specified group, and you are not
       listed as a member of  that  group  in  the  group  database,  you  are
       prompted	 to  enter  the	 correct  password for that group.  If you are
       listed as a member of that group, no  password  is  requested.	If  no
       password is required for the specified group, only users listed as mem‐
       bers of that group can change to that group.

       [Tru64 UNIX]  Only a user with superuser authority can change the  pri‐
       mary  group  of	the  shell  process to one to which that user does not

       [Tru64 UNIX]  When you invoke the newgrp	 command  from	a  shell,  the
       shell  executes	the  command without forking a new process. Therefore,
       the shell you were using when you issued the newgrp command is unavail‐
       able after the newgrp command finishes.

       [Tru64  UNIX]  The  newgrp  command is also a built-in command for csh.
       There is no convenient way to enter a password into the group database.
       Use  of	group passwords is not encouraged because by their very nature
       they encourage poor security practices.

       If newgrp succeeds in  creating	a  new	shell  execution  environment,
       whether	or  not the group identification was changed successfully, the
       exit status will be the exit status of the shell. Otherwise, a non-zero
       exit value is returned.

       The exit status of newgrp is generally inapplicable.

       The  following  environment  variables  affect the execution of newgrp:
       Provides a default value for the	 internationalization  variables  that
       are  unset  or  null. If LANG is unset or null, the corresponding value
       from the default locale is used.	 If any	 of  the  internationalization
       variables contain an invalid setting, the utility behaves as if none of
       the variables had been defined.	If set to a  non-empty	string	value,
       overrides  the  values of all the other internationalization variables.
       Determines the locale for the interpretation of sequences of  bytes  of
       text  data as characters (for example, single-byte as opposed to multi‐
       byte characters in arguments).  Determines the locale  for  the	format
       and  contents of diagnostic messages written to standard error.	Deter‐
       mines the location of message catalogues for the processing of  LC_MES‐

       Group names declared on the system Password file

       Commands:  csh(1),  groups(1),  id(1),  login(1),  Bourne shell sh(1b),
       POSIX shell sh(1p)

       Files:  group(4), passwd(4)

       Standards:  standards(5)


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