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ncftpput(1)							   ncftpput(1)

       ncftpput - Internet file transfer program for scripts

       ncftpput [options] remote-host remote-directory local-files...

       ncftpput -f login.cfg [options] remote-directory local-files...

       ncftpput -c remote-host remote-path-name < stdin

   Command line flags:
       -u XX   Use username XX instead of anonymous.

       -p XX   Use password XX with the username.

       -P XX   Use  port  number  XX  instead  of the default FTP service port

       -j XX   Use account XX in supplement to the username and password (dep‐

       -d XX   Use the file XX for debug logging.

       -a      Use ASCII transfer type instead of binary.

       -m      Attempt	to  make the remote destination directory before copy‐

       -t XX   Timeout after XX seconds.

       -U XX   Use value XX for the umask.

       -v/-V   Do (do not)  use	 progress  meters.   The  default  is  to  use
	       progress meters if the output stream is a TTY.

       -f XX   Read the file XX for host, user, and password information.

       -A      Append to remote files, instead of overwriting them.

       -T XX   Upload into temporary files prefixed by XX.

       -S XX   Upload into temporary files suffixed by XX.

       -R      Recursive mode; copy whole directory trees.

       -r XX   Redial  a maximum of XX times until connected to the remote FTP

       -z/-Z   Do (do not) try to resume transfers.  The default is to not try
	       to resume (-Z).

       -E      Use regular (PORT) data connections.

       -F      Use  passive  (PASV)  data  connections.	 The default is to use
	       passive, but to fallback to regular if the  passive  connection
	       fails or times out.

       -DD     Delete local file after successfully uploading it.

       -y      Try  using  "SITE UTIME" to preserve timestamps on remote host.
	       Not many remote FTP servers support this, so it may not work.

       -b      Run in background (by submitting a batch job and then  spawning

       -bb     Similar to -b option, but only submits the batch job.  You will
	       need to run ncftpbatch for the batch job to be processed.  This
	       is  useful if you already have a ncftpbatch process running, or
	       wish to have better control of when batch jobs are processed.

	       For example, if you wanted to do background processing of three
	       files  all  on the same remote server, it is more polite to use
	       just one ncftpbatch process to process the three	 jobs  sequen‐
	       tially,	rather	than  having  three  ncftpbatch processes open
	       three simultaneous FTP sessions to the same server.

       -B XX   Try setting the TCP/IP socket buffer size to XX bytes.

       -W XX   Send raw FTP command XX after logging in.

       -X XX   Send raw FTP command XX after each file transferred.

       -Y XX   Send raw FTP command XX before logging out.

	       The -W, -X, and -Y options are useful for  advanced  users  who
	       need  to	 tweak	behavior  on some servers.  For example, users
	       accessing mainframes might need to send some special SITE  com‐
	       mands to set blocksize and record format information.

	       For  these options, you can use them multiple times each if you
	       need to send multiple commands.	For the -X option, you can use
	       the  cookie  %s	to  expand  into the name of the file that was

       The purpose of ncftpput is to do file transfers from  the  command-line
       without	entering  an  interactive  shell.   This  lets you write shell
       scripts or other unattended processes that can do FTP.  It is also use‐
       ful  for	 advanced  users who want to send files from the shell command
       line without entering an interactive FTP program such as ncftp.

       By default the program tries to open the remote host and	 login	anony‐
       mously,	but  you can specify a username and password information.  The
       -u option is used to specify the username  to  login  as,  and  the  -p
       option is used to specify the password.	If you are running the program
       from the shell, you may omit the -p option and the program will	prompt
       you for the password.

       Using  the  -u and -p options are not recommended, because your account
       information is exposed to anyone who can see your shell script or  your
       process	information.   For example, someone using the ps program could
       see your password while the program runs.

       You may use the -f option instead to specify a file  with  the  account
       information.   However, this is still not secure because anyone who has
       read access to the information file can see  the	 account  information.
       Nevertheless,  if  you choose to use the -f option the file should look
       something like this:

	      user gleason
	      pass mypassword

       Don't forget to change the permissions on this file so no one else  can
       read them.

       The -d option is very useful when you are trying to diagnose why a file
       transfer is failing.  It prints out the entire FTP conversation to  the
       file  you  specify,  so you can get an idea of what went wrong.	If you
       specify the special name stdout as the name  of	the  debugging	output
       file, the output will instead print to the screen.

       Using  ASCII  mode is helpful when the text format of your host differs
       from that of the remote host.  For example, if you are sending  a  text
       file  from  a UNIX system to a Windows-based host, you could use the -a
       flag which would use ASCII transfer mode so that the  file  created  on
       the  Windows  machine would be in its native text format instead of the
       UNIX text format.

       You can upload an entire directory tree of files by using the -R	 flag.

	   $ ncftpput -R /incoming /tmp/stuff

       This would create a /incoming/stuff hierarchy on the remote host.

       The  -T	and  -S options are useful when you want to upload file to the
       remote host, but you don't want to use the destination  pathname	 until
       the  file  is  complete.	  Using	 these options, you will not destroy a
       remote file by the same	name  until  your  file	 is  finished.	 These
       options	are also useful when a remote process on the remote host polls
       a specific filename, and you don't want that process to see  that  file
       until  you  know the file is finished sending.  Here is an example that
       uploads	to  the	 file	/pub/incoming/README,	using	the   filename
       /pub/incoming/README.tmp as a temporary filename:

	   $ ncftpput -S .tmp /pub/incoming /a/README

       A neat way to pipe the output from any local command into a remote file
       is to use the -c option, which  denotes	that  you're  using  stdin  as
       input.	The  following example shows how to make a backup and store it
       on a remote machine:

	   $ tar cf - / | ncftpput -c /usr/local/backup.tar

       ncftpput returns the following exit values:

       0       Success.

       1       Could not connect to remote host.

       2       Could not connect to remote host - timed out.

       3       Transfer failed.

       4       Transfer failed - timed out.

       5       Directory change failed.

       6       Directory change failed - timed out.

       7       Malformed URL.

       8       Usage error.

       9       Error in login configuration file.

       10      Library initialization failed.

       11      Session initialization failed.

       Mike Gleason, NcFTP Software (

       ncftpget(1), ncftp(1), ftp(1), rcp(1), tftp(1).

       LibNcFTP (

Software			     NcFTP			   ncftpput(1)

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