mtools man page on DigitalUNIX

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mtools(1)							     mtools(1)

       mtools - Provides a collection of tools for manipulating DOS files

       The mtools commands are a public domain collection of programs that let
       you read, write, and manipulate files on a DOS file system (typically a
       diskette) from a UNIX system.  Each command attempts to emulate the DOS
       equivalent command as closely as possible.  The following commands  are
       available:  Converts a DOS file format to an UNIX file format.  Changes
       DOS file attribute options such as whether the file is writeable.  This
       is analogous the the chmod command in UNIX.  Changes or reports the DOS
       working directory Copies DOS files to and from a UNIX operating	system
       Deletes	a  DOS	file Displays the contents of a DOS directory Copies a
       diskette to another diskette as a bit-image copy Adds a DOS file system
       to  a  low-level	 formatted  diskette Creates a shell script to restore
       UNIX file names from DOS file names Labels a DOS	 volume	 Makes	a  DOS
       directory Removes a DOS directory Performs a low level read (copy) of a
       DOS file to a UNIX-format file Renames an existing  DOS	file  Displays
       the  contents of a DOS file Performs a low level write (copy) of a UNIX
       file to a DOS-format file Converts a UNIX file to DOS format

       DOS file names optionally are composed of a drive letter followed by  a
       colon,  a  subdirectory,	 and  a file name.  Subdirectory names can use
       either the slash (/) or backslash (\) characters as a  separator.   The
       use  of	the  backslash separator or wildcards requires the names to be
       enclosed in quotes to protect them from the shell.

       The regular expression “pattern	matching”  routines  follow  the  UNIX
       rules.	For example, an asterisk (*) matches all DOS files in place of
       asterisks separated by a dot (.) such as	 *.*.	The  archive,  hidden,
       read-only,  and system attribute bits are ignored during pattern match‐

       Not all UNIX file names are supported in the  DOS  world.   The	mtools
       commands	 might have to change UNIX file names to fit the DOS file name
       conventions.  Most commands provide the verbose option (-v), that  dis‐
       plays  new  file	 names	if they have been changed. The following table
       shows some examples of file name conversions:

       UNIX File Name	DOS File Name	Reason for the Change
       thisisatest	THISISAT	File name too long
       file.stuff	FILE.STU	File xtension too long
       prn.txt		XRN.TXT		The string prn specifies a
					device name
       .abc		X.ABC		Null file name
       hot+cold		HOTXCOLD	Illegal character

       All  options  use  the  minus (-) option, not the slash (/) as provided
       under DOS conventions.

       The mcd command is used to establish the device and the current working
       directory  (relative  to the DOS file system), otherwise the default is
       assumed to be A:\.

       All the mtools commands return 0 on success and 1 on complete failure.

       All mtools require a floppy diskette properly installed on the  system.
       All mtools facilities address a device named /dev/disk/floppy. You must
       create a symbolic link between the diskette's device special files  and
       the  file /dev/disk/floppy, depending on what type of diskette drive is
       on your system. See the EXAMPLES section for information on how you set
       up the diskette drive.

       If  the	proper	device is not specified (when multiple disk capacities
       are supported) the device driver might display an  error	 message.  You
       can ignore this message.

       Device  special	file  names are created automatically for all existing
       devices. If no device special file exists for  the  floppy  drive,  see
       dsfmgr(8).  Refer to hwmgr(8) for information on how you determine what
       kind of floppy drive is on your system, and to find  its	 device	 name.
       If the diskette drive is attached to the floppy disk interface (FDI) it
       has the device name floppyN, where N  is	 an  integer.  Your  /dev/disk
       directory  must	contain	 the  following	 device	 special files for two
       floppy disk partitions: /dev/disk/floppyNa /dev/disk/floppyNc

	      Link the c partition to  the  file  /dev/disk/floppy:  #	ln  -s
	      /dev/disk/floppy0c  /dev/disk/floppy  If the diskette drive is a
	      SCSI device, the device name has the format dskN, where N is  an
	      integer.	Use the SysMan Station, or the hwmgr command to deter‐
	      mine the device name.

	      The following example sets up a SCSI floppy diskette for	access
	      by the mtools commands by linking the device to /dev/disk/floppy
	      as follows: # ln -s /dev/disk/dsk13c  /dev/disk/floppy  To  test
	      the  configuration  of  a diskette drive, insert a DOS formatted
	      disk and enter the  following  command:  #  /usr/ucb/mtools/mdir
	      Volume in drive A is "volume_name."  Directory for A:/

	      file type size date time file type size date time

       Commands:  dos2unix(1) ,dsfmgr(8), hwmgr(8), ln(1), mattrib(1), mcd(1),
       mcopy(1),  mdel(1),  mdir(1),  mdiskcopy(1),   mformat(1),   mlabel(1),
       mmd(1),	mrd(1),	 mread(1),  mren(1),  mtype(1), mwrite(1), sysman_sta‐
       tion(8), unix2dos(1)

       Floppy disk interface:  fd(7)


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