lpq(1)lpq(1)NAMElpq - Examines the spool queues.
SYNOPSISlpq [+] [number] [-l] [-Pprinter] [request-ID...] [user...]
Displays information about each of the files comprising the printer
request. Specifying printer displays requests queued for that printer
only. Displays the spool queue until it empties. Sleeps number seconds
between scans of the queue if number is specified.
The lpq command examines the spooling area used by lpd for printing
files on the line printer and reports the status of the specified
requests or all requests associated with a user.
The lpq command invoked without any arguments reports on any requests
currently in the queue. The -P option can be used to specify a particu‐
lar printer; otherwise, the default line printer is used (or the value
of the PRINTER environment variable).
Specifying one or more request-IDs displays only the specified
requests. Specifying one or more users displays print requests from
those users only.
If you specify the + argument, lpq displays the spool queue until it
empties. Supplying a number immediately after the + argument indicates
that lpq should sleep number seconds in between scans of the queue.
All other arguments supplied are interpreted as user or request-ID
arguments to display only those requests of interest.
For each request submitted (that is, each request invoked by lp or
lpr), lpq reports the user's name, current rank in the queue, the names
of files comprising the request, the request ID (a number that you can
use to identify the request to other commands, such as lprm) and the
total size of the job in bytes.
The -l option causes information about each of the files comprising the
request to be displayed; without it, only as much information as will
fit on one line is displayed. Job ordering depends on the algorithm
used to scan the spooling directory and is supposed to be FIFO (First
In First Out). Filenames comprising a request might be unavailable
(when lp or lpr is used as a sink in a pipeline), in which case the
file is indicated as follows:
Due to the dynamic nature of the information in the spooling directory,
lpq might report unreliably. Output formatting is sensitive to the
line length of the terminal and can result in widely spaced columns.
Appropriate diagnostic messages appear under several conditions: If
there is no daemon active, but there are files in the spooling direc‐
tory, the message Warning: no daemon present is displayed. If the net‐
work is unreachable, the message connection to device is down is dis‐
played. If the printcap file is unavailable, the message lpq: device
cannot open printer description file is displayed. If the spooling
directory is unavailable, the message lpq: device cannot chdir to
spooling directory is displayed.
To display a request in the print queue, enter: lpq-Pprinter1
This command displays a list similar to the following: Mon March 2
15:15:15 1990: printer1 is ready and printing
Rank Pri Owner Job Files Total Size active 0
rcb 888 massachusetts 1024 bytes 1st 0 jmp 110
berkshire 2048 bytes
(Output may be formatted differently on your system.)
An appropriate message is displayed if the lock file is malformed.
Manipulates the screen for repeated display. Printer description file.
Spool directories. Daemon control files. Data files specified in cf
files. Temporary copies of cf files. Lock file used to obtain the
process ID of the current daemon and the request ID of the currently
Commands: lp(1), lpc(8), lpd(8), lpr(1), lprm(1), lpstat(1)lpq(1)