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insight_manager(5)					    insight_manager(5)

       insight_manager - Web-based device status and configuration

       Insight	Manager is a Web-based utility that enables you to look across
       a heterogeneous computing environment and access information about  any
       device  connected to the network. Devices can be computer systems, net‐
       worked printers, or network components such as routers. You can	obtain
       information  about the configuration of systems and their components or
       peripherals and, in some cases, perform	certain	 administrative	 tasks
       such  as	 asset	management,  asset security, work load management, and
       event management.

       Web-based enterprise management (WBEM) protocols are able  to  communi‐
       cate  among  the	 following operating environments in addition to Tru64
       UNIX: OpenVMS, IBM OS/2, Microsoft Windows  2000(TM),  Windows  NT(TM),
       Windows	98(TM), Windows 95(TM), Novell NetWare, SCO OpenServer Release
       5, and SCO UnixWare 7.

       Insight Manager features are fully implemented in some operating	 envi‐
       ronments,  but  are  not yet implemented in others. This means that you
       can use many features on Windows NT(TM) systems,	 but  you  cannot  use
       certain	features  on  Tru64 UNIX.  On a Tru64 UNIX system, you can use
       the Management Agents to monitor devices, but you must invoke the  Sys‐
       Man Menu or SysMan Station to perform configuration tasks. Insight Man‐
       ager provides a consistent wrapper for SysMan, enabling you  to	manage
       supported systems from a web browser.

       Insight Manager XE is a software console that provides full administra‐
       tive services for Windows NT. It is a server that can communicate  with
       other  devices in the local area network or domain that run the Manage‐
       ment Agents (daemons).

       A device must have an  operating	 environment  that  is	recognized  by
       Insight	Manager	 to be able to manage it using WBEM. Such an operating
       environment must be able to communicate device information to the  WBEM
       network,	 and  to  receive  and	execute	 instructions  sent from other
       (authorized) devices in the WBEM network.

       The operating environments must be able to run Management Agents, which
       communicate  with  each	other  using a standard protocol. Devices, and
       their operating environments, provide information  about	 hardware  and
       software	 status	 using	a data model, such as a Management Information
       Base (MIB) and Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP). These can  be
       thought of as a database of objects, with attributes and values, repre‐
       senting the manageable components of a device.

       You can configure a system  to  participate  in	auto-discovery,	 which
       allows  any  Management Agent to discover any other Management Agent in
       the local network domain. This feature is turned off  by	 default.  The
       system with the lowest numerical value for its IP address is the master
       for the subnet.

       The Management agents (daemons) are  configured	by  default  when  you
       install	the  operating	system	and are started automatically when the
       system boots.  The Web and  threshold  agents  are  initialized	during
       transition  to  run  level  3;  the initialization script is located in
       /sbin/rc3.d/S50insightd.	  This	 script	   runs	   /usr/sbin/insightd,
       /usr/sbin/sysman_hmmod,		 /usr/sbin/config_hmmod,	   and
       /usr/sbin/cpqthresh_mib and prints a boot-time message at  the  console
       when the agent is started successfully.

       The  SNMP  subagents  /usr/sbin/os_mibs and /usr/sbin/cpq_mibs also are
       invoked during transition to  run  level	 3  and	 are  invoked  by  the
       /sbin/rc.3d/S49snmpd  script.  To test that the system is properly con‐
       figured, enter the following commands:

       # ps agx | grep insight

       487 ??	    S	     0:35.63 /usr/sbin/insightd

       500 ??	    S	     0:35.63 /usr/sbin/sysman_hmmod

       501 ??	    S	     0:35.63 /usr/sbin/config_hmmod

       # ps agx | grep cpq

       560 ??	    S	     0:00.36 /usr/sbin/cpq_mibs

       583 ??	    S	     0:35.63 /usr/sbin/cpqthresh_mib

       # ps agx | grep os_mibs

       552 ??	    S	     0:00.36 /usr/sbin/os_mibs

       You can disable the Management Web Agent through	 the  Set  Up  Insight
       Manager	system management task, which can be launched through the Sys‐
       Man Menu or the SysMan Station. See sysman(8) for more information.

       You should configure the password  settings  for	 the  Insight  Manager
       administration  account	when  you  first  use  it.  The	 procedure  is
       described in the section of this reference page titled  “Account	 Login
       home page.”

       See  the Best Practice document titled “Configuring SNMP for Threshhold
       Set and Trap Operations for Insight Manager” on the Tru64 UNIX documen‐
       tation  web site for information on configuring SNMP so that the admin‐
       istrator can set thresholds.

   Browser Requirements
       The minimum browser requirements include support	 for  tables,  frames,
       Java,  JavaScript,  and	the Java Development Kit (JDK) 1.1. Additional
       browsers, or the browsers mentioned, used with different operating sys‐
       tems,  may  or  may  not	 work correctly, depending upon their specific
       implementations of the required browser technologies.

       The requirements are TCP/IP and one of the following browsers:

       For client systems running	       Browser Requirements
       Tru64 UNIX Version 4.0F or higher       Netscape Communicator 4.5 or higher
       Tru64 UNIX 3.2C through	4.0E  inclu‐   Netscape	  Communicator	 4.06	or
       sive				       higher
       Windows 95, Windows 98, or Windows NT   Microsoft Internet Explorer version
       3.51/4.0				       4.72.2106.8 or higher  or  Netscape
					       Communicator 4.04 or higher

       You  must  turn	on the following options so that the Management Agents
       work properly: Enable Java Enable JavaScript Accept all cookies or

	      Accept cookies originating from the  same	 server	 as  the  page
	      being viewed

   Configuring the Java Plug-in for Netscape
       You  must  install the Java plug-in to invoke the SysMan Menu or SysMan
       Station as Java applets using Netscape. If you attempt to run an applet
       such  as	 SysMan	 Menu  before installing the Java plug-in, the browser
       opens a new web page in a separate window but is not able  to  complete
       the operation. Close the new window.

       The  Java plug-in shipped with the operating system is designed to work
       only with Netscape on this release of Tru64 UNIX. If you are using Net‐
       scape  on  another platform, other Java plug-ins might be available for
       the user environment of	your  choice.  See  the	 home  page  for  your
       browser.	 Only  the  Netscape  browser  is  identified as the supported
       browser and has been tested for this release.

       The procedure to install the Java plug-in is described in detail in the
       web page at /usr/share/sysman/web/plugin.html, which is displayed auto‐
       matically when you first attempt to use the Java	 applets.   Print  the
       page  as	 you will need to restart your browser during the installation
       and configuration of the plug-in.

   Using Insight Manager
       You may connect to the Management Agents of any	system	in  the	 local
       network domain that is running the Management Agents.

       Connect	your  web browser to port 2301 on any such system in the local
       area network as follows:


       You also can specify the TCP/IP address in place of a  fully  qualified
       host name, as in the following example.


       Connecting  your web browser to port 2301 launches the Device Home Page
       of the specified system.

   Device Home Page
       Successfully connecting to port 2301 displays the Web-based  Management
       Device  Home  Page.  This  page provides links to available Web-enabled
       services as well as a Refresh link that reloads	the  The  Device  Home
       page.  The  Device Home page, and the links from it will differ in con‐
       tent from the home page on other systems, such as a PC running  Windows

       Anonymous  access  to Web-enabled services is available without logging
       in when the Device Home Page is launched for the first time. To log  in
       as a different user, select the Anonymous link.

       The  Web-enabled	 services available from the Device Home Page include:
       Management Agents Home Page Access Home Page Tru64  UNIX	 Configuration
       Report  Tru64 UNIX SysMan WBEM Login Home Page WBEM Device Options Home
       Page WBEM Active Devices home page

       Each of these web pages are described in the following sections.

       Online help is available for any Management Agents web page; select the
       question	 mark (?) icon to invoke it. This icon is a question mark in a
       triangle, located at the top of the page.

   Management Agents Home Page
       The Management Agents page provides detailed information on the	status
       of  a  device,  its operating system, and any device subcomponents that
       can be seen by the Insight Manager agent. If the device is a  computer,
       a  subcomponent	can be a mass storage peripheral, such as a hard disk.
       This web page is divided into three frames: The Title frame contains  a
       legend of color-coded icons that describe the device and component sta‐
       tus and the following links that can be selected to display more infor‐
       mation  in  the	Summary	 (main)	 page: Invokes the web-based help page
       Returns to the Summary (main) frame Returns to  the  Device  Home  page
       Enables	you to configure the presentation of device data, and set val‐
       ues such as the refresh interval The Navigation	Frame,	located	 below
       the  Title  Frame  on the left side of the browser window, lists all of
       the subsystems with components that are available for this device.  The
       content	of this frame is dependent on what data can be provided by the
       device to Management Agents. Typical contents for a device that is part
       of  a  computer system are as follows: Provides links to information on
       the system type, the main CPU board, and the operating system software.
       Provides	 links	to information on the disk devices and current alloca‐
       tions of disk space in use by file systems.  Also included is  informa‐
       tion  on device controllers, such as SCSI controllers.  If you select a
       SCSI controller, you can display the buses and any  disk	 devices  con‐
       nected  to a bus. In turn, you can select an individual disk, tape, and
       CD-ROM, and display properties  of  that	 device.   Provides  links  to
       information  on	the  network  interfaces  and any other communications
       interfaces that are configured, such as a serial	 line  interface.  You
       can obtain information about the device, such as its device type, phys‐
       ical address, settings, and  network  statistics.   Provides  links  to
       information  on the CPU utilization with aggregate load for the past 1,
       5, 30, and 60 minutes.  Provides links to information on	 environmental
       conditions such as the status of the environmental monitoring subsystem
       (if configured on the host), including power  supply,  system  tempera‐
       ture, and fan status. You also can display the log of start-up messages
       that was saved when the system was last booted.	The Summary  frame  is
       the main frame. The information for any links selected in the preceding
       frames will be displayed here. When you	first  access  the  Management
       Agents  page, this frame contains information that enables you to iden‐
       tify the device type and model, its physical and network locations, and
       its general status. Use the Summary link in the Management Agents frame
       to display this default information.

	      Use the question mark (?) icon in the frame's banner heading  to
	      access  the Management Agents web-based documentation to provide
	      you with more information on all the Insight Manager pages.

   Tru64 UNIX Configuration Report Home Page
       On Tru64 UNIX systems, the  configuration  report  is  created  by  the
       sys_check  utility, which provides a system census report for the local
       host. If a report has not been created, you can choose  to  launch  the
       utility	and create a first report. Note that the report can take up to
       an hour to generate, and may affect system performance.

       If an existing report is found, the Configuration Report page  is  dis‐
       played and you can browse its content. The report is useful for detect‐
       ing system configuration and tuning problems, log file and  event  file
       settings, and general configuration information. This report is also of
       use when troubleshooting system problems and can be used with the  Man‐
       agement Agents Home Page to resolve such system problems.

       See  System  Administration  for	 information on the sys_check utility,
       including information on how to set up a cron task to create  regularly
       updated	system	census	reports. See sys_check(8) and cron(8) for more

   Tru64 UNIX SysMan Home Page
       This provides links to the SysMan Menu and SysMan Station for  managing
       Tru64 UNIX systems.

       You  can	 opt  to  launch  the SysMan Menu or the SysMan Station.  When
       using Netscape, you need the Java plug-in as described in  the  Browser
       Requirements section of this reference page.

       You  are	 prompted  for the name and password of an authorized account.
       Because the SysMan suite is run as a Java applet, you cannot  close  or
       otherwise use the associated browser window. If you attempt to do this,
       the Java applet also will be closed.

       You also can run any SysMan task from any networked PC using a  browser
       without	the  need  to  install	the SysMan Menu and the SysMan Station
       client PC software.

   Access Home Page
       The Access home page provides links to related web pages including  the
       home page.

       You  can	 access this page by selecting the Web-Based Management banner
       at the top of the Device home page.

   WBEM Login Home Page
       You can log in using one of three provided accounts (User, Operator, or
       Administrator)  and  their default passwords. For more information, see
       the section titled “Security” in the web based help.

       To chang the default passwords, select the changed link in the  follow‐
       ing  sentence,  located	on the right side of the WBEM Login Home Page.
       The Password for a login account may be	changed	 at  any  time	by  an
       Account Administrator.

       See  the	 following  description of the Configuration Options Home Page
       for important information on anonymous access.

   WEBM Device Options Home Page
       This web page contains options that can be set by the administrator  to
       control	access	to  Insight  Manager.  The  options are: Enabling this
       option allows nonprivileged users to view devices and device data. This
       option  is turned on in the default configuration. Use this option with
       care. Even restricted view-only access to  your	computing  environment
       might  not  be  acceptable  because  it	reveals	 the names and network
       addresses of systems.  Enabling this option allows any user with access
       to  the	local  console	to  perform  administrative tasks. This option
       should be selected with care due to  the	 security  implications.  This
       option  is  turned  off	by default.  When enabled, this option deletes
       automatically user directories that have not been accessed for a speci‐
       fied  number  of	 days.	This option is turned on and set to 30 days by
       default.	 When enabled, the local server participates in auto-discovery
       of  any local hosts running the Insight Manager agent.  Enter a time in
       minutes to control the frequency of auto-discovery updates.   Use  this
       option  to prevent auto-discovery of inappropriate systems. This option
       is turned off by default.  When enabled, the local server  participates
       in  auto-discovery  as a potential master node. Use this option to pre‐
       vent inappropriate systems from becoming the master device  in  a  WBEM
       network. This option is turned off by default.

       You  can	 access	 this web page by selecting the text link, Options, on
       the Device Home Page.

   WEBM Active Devices home page
       This web page lists all devices found in the local  WBEM	 network  when
       HTTP  auto  discovery  is enabled in the WEBM Device Options home page,
       including the Insight Manager XE Servers known to the system as well as
       devices that the system has detected on the network.

       You can access any of the listed systems by selecting the corresponding
       link. The system's device home page is displayed in the browser.

       You can access this web page by selecting the text  link,  Devices,  on
       the Device Home Page.

       Two  devices  have special status on the web-based network: The Windows
       NT server that is running the XE management console.  This system  must
       be  configured  with  the  Insight Manager XE software, and will enable
       many of the remote administrative services. The XE server  has  a  port
       address	of  :280,  and you connect to this server from your browser by
       specifying the URL as follows:


	      Note that a Insight Manager XE server is not necessary for peer-
	      to-peer  administration of Tru64 UNIX systems; you can view sys‐
	      tem status and perform administrative  tasks  using  the	SysMan
	      Menu  and the SysMan Station in such an environment.  The master
	      device, which polls all other available devices for their status
	      and  data,  stores  it  in a master record, and makes the master
	      record available to any other device. This device is always  the
	      one  with the lowest local TCP/IP network address (in the format
	      110.222.333.110). An important consideration here	 is  that  you
	      must  assign this number to a system that is capable of handling
	      the WBEM traffic. If the device with the lowest  TCP/IP  address
	      becomes  unavailable  for	 any  reason, the device with the next
	      lowest TCP/IP address becomes the master. All other devices  are

       Commands: cron(8), smsd(8), sys_check(8), sysman(8)

       Others: netscape(1)

       Management Agents for AlphaServers for Tru64 UNIX Reference Guide

       Installation Guide

       System Administration

       Best  Practice:	Updating the Management Agents for Tru64 UNIX from the
       Management CD

       Best Practice: Configuring SNMP for Threshhold Set and Trap  Operations
       for Insight Manager


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