inews man page on 4.4BSD

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INEWS(1)							      INEWS(1)

       inews - send a Usenet article to the local news server for distribution

       inews [ -h ] [ -D ] [ -O ] [ -R ] [ -S ] [ header_flags ] [ input ]

       Inews reads a Usenet news article (perhaps with headers) from the named
       file or standard input if no file is given.  It adds some  headers  and
       performs	 some  consistency checks.  If the article does not meet these
       checks (for example, too much quoting of old articles,  or  posting  to
       non-existent  newsgroups)  then	the article is rejected.  If it passes
       the checks, inews sends the article to the local news server as	speci‐
       fied in the inn.conf(5) file for distribution.

       In  the	standard  mode of operation, the input consists of the article
       headers, a blank line, and the message body.   For  compatibility  with
       older  software, the ``-h'' flag must be used.  If there are no headers
       in the message, then this flag may be omitted.

       Several headers may be specified on the command line, shown in the syn‐
       opsis above as header_flags.  Each of these flags takes a single param‐
       eter; if the value is more than one word (for example, almost all  Sub‐
       ject  lines)  then quotes must be used to prevent the shell from split‐
       ting it into multiple words.  The options, and their equivalent header,
       are as follows:
	      a	   Approved
	      c	   Control
	      d	   Distribution
	      e	   Expires
	      f	   From
	      w	   Followup-To
	      n	   Newsgroups
	      r	   Reply-To
	      t	   Subject
	      F	   References
	      o	   Organization
	      x	   Path prefix

       The  Path  header  is  built  according to the following rules.	If the
       ``-x'' flag is used, then its value will be the start  of  the  header.
       Any other host will see the site in the header, and therefore not offer
       the article to that site.  If the ``pathhost'' configuration  parameter
       is  specified  in  the  inn.conf(5)  file, then it will be added to the
       Path.  Otherwise, if the ``server'' configuration parameter  is	speci‐
       fied,  then the full domain name of the local host will be added to the
       Path.  The Path will always end not-for-mail.

       The default Organization header will be provided if none is present  in
       the  article  or if the ``-o'' flag is not used.	 To prevent adding the
       default, use the ``-O'' flag.

       As a debugging aide, if the ``-D'' flag is used, the consistency checks
       will be performed, and the article will be sent to the standard output,
       rather then sent to the server.

       For compatibility with C News, inews accepts, but ignores, the  ``-A'',
       ``-V''  and  ``-W''  flags.   The  C News ``-N'' flag is treated as the
       ``-D'' flag.

       If a file named .signature exists in the user's home  directory,	 inews
       will try to append it to the end of the article.	 If the file cannot be
       read, or if it is too long (for example, more than four	lines  or  one
       standard I/O buffer), or if some other problem occurs, then the article
       will not be posted.  To suppress this action use the ``-S'' flag.

       If the ``-R'' flag is used then inews will reject any attempts to  post
       control messages.

       If  an  unapproved posting is made to a moderated newsgroup, inews will
       try to mail the article to the moderator for posting.  It uses the mod‐
       erators(5)  file	 to  determine	the mailing address.  If no address is
       found, it will use the inn.conf file  to	 determine  a  ``last-chance''
       host to try.

       If the NNTP server needs to authenticate the client, inews will use the
       NNTPsendpassword(3) routine to authenticate itself.   In	 order	to  do
       this,  the  program  will  need read access to the passwd.nntp(5) file.
       This is typically done by having the  file  group-readable  and	making
       inews run setgid to that group.

       Inews exits with a zero status if the article was succesfully posted or
       mailed, or with a non-zero status if the article could  not  be	deliv‐

       Since  inews  will  spool its input if the server is unavailable, it is
       usually necessary to run rnews(1) with the ``-U''  flag	on  a  regular
       basis, usually out of cron(8).

       Written	by  Rich  $alz <> for InterNetNews.  This is
       revision 1.25, dated 1993/03/18.

       moderators(5), inn.conf(5).  rnews(1).


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