getprotoent_r man page on Scientific

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GETPROTOENT_R(3)	   Linux Programmer's Manual	      GETPROTOENT_R(3)

       getprotoent_r,  getprotobyname_r,  getprotobynumber_r  -	 get  protocol
       entry (reentrant)

       #include <netdb.h>

       int getprotoent_r(struct protoent *result_buf, char *buf,
		       size_t buflen, struct protoent **result);

       int getprotobyname_r(const char *name,
		       struct protoent *result_buf, char *buf,
		       size_t buflen, struct protoent **result);

       int getprotobynumber_r(int proto,
		       struct protoent *result_buf, char *buf,
		       size_t buflen, struct protoent **result);

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       getprotoent_r(), getprotobyname_r(), getprotobynumber_r(): _BSD_SOURCE
       || _SVID_SOURCE

       The getprotoent_r(), getprotobyname_r(), and getprotobynumber_r() func‐
       tions are the reentrant equivalents of,	respectively,  getprotoent(3),
       getprotobyname(3),  and	getprotobynumber(3).   They  differ in the way
       that the protoent structure is returned, and in	the  function  calling
       signature  and  return value.  This manual page describes just the dif‐
       ferences from the non-reentrant functions.

       Instead of returning a  pointer	to  a  statically  allocated  protoent
       structure  as  the  function result, these functions copy the structure
       into the location pointed to by result_buf.

       The buf array is used to store the string  fields  pointed  to  by  the
       returned	 protoent  structure.	(The  non-reentrant functions allocate
       these strings in static storage.)  The size of this array is  specified
       in  buflen.  If buf is too small, the call fails with the error ERANGE,
       and the caller must try again with  a  larger  buffer.	(A  buffer  of
       length 1024 bytes should be sufficient for most applications.)

       If  the	function  call	successfully  obtains  a protocol record, then
       *result is set pointing to result_buf; otherwise,  *result  is  set  to

       On  success, these functions return 0.  On error, a positive error num‐
       ber is returned.

       On error, record not found (getprotobyname_r(),	getprotobynumber_r()),
       or end of input (getprotoent_r()) result is set to NULL.

       ENOENT (getprotoent_r()) No more records in database.

       ERANGE buf is too small.	 Try again with a larger buffer (and increased

       These functions are GNU extensions.  Functions with similar names exist
       on  some	 other systems, though typically with different calling signa‐

       The program below uses  getprotobyname_r()  to  retrieve	 the  protocol
       record for the protocol named in its first command-line argument.  If a
       second (integer) command-line argument is supplied, it is used  as  the
       initial	value  for  buflen; if getprotobyname_r() fails with the error
       ERANGE, the program retries with larger buffer  sizes.	The  following
       shell session shows a couple of sample runs:

	   $ ./a.out tcp 1
	   ERANGE! Retrying with larger buffer
	   getprotobyname_r() returned: 0 (success)  (buflen=78)
	   p_name=tcp; p_proto=6; aliases=TCP
	   $ ./a.out xxx 1
	   ERANGE! Retrying with larger buffer
	   getprotobyname_r() returned: 0 (success)  (buflen=100)
	   Call failed/record not found

   Program source

       #define _GNU_SOURCE
       #include <ctype.h>
       #include <netdb.h>
       #include <stdlib.h>
       #include <stdio.h>
       #include <errno.h>
       #include <string.h>

       #define MAX_BUF 10000

       main(int argc, char *argv[])
	   int buflen, erange_cnt, s;
	   struct protoent result_buf;
	   struct protoent *result;
	   char buf[MAX_BUF];
	   char **p;

	   if (argc < 2) {
	       printf("Usage: %s proto-name [buflen]\n", argv[0]);

	   buflen = 1024;
	   if (argc > 2)
	       buflen = atoi(argv[2]);

	   if (buflen > MAX_BUF) {
	       printf("Exceeded buffer limit (%d)\n", MAX_BUF);

	   erange_cnt = 0;
	   do {
	       s = getprotobyname_r(argv[1], &result_buf,
			    buf, buflen, &result);
	       if (s == ERANGE) {
		   if (erange_cnt == 0)
		       printf("ERANGE! Retrying with larger buffer\n");

		   /* Increment a byte at a time so we can see exactly
		      what size buffer was required */


		   if (buflen > MAX_BUF) {
		       printf("Exceeded buffer limit (%d)\n", MAX_BUF);
	   } while (s == ERANGE);

	   printf("getprotobyname_r() returned: %s  (buflen=%d)\n",
		   (s == 0) ? "0 (success)" : (s == ENOENT) ? "ENOENT" :
		   strerror(s), buflen);

	   if (s != 0 || result == NULL) {
	       printf("Call failed/record not found\n");

	   printf("p_name=%s; p_proto=%d; aliases=",
		       result_buf.p_name, result_buf.p_proto);
	   for (p = result_buf.p_aliases; *p != NULL; p++)
	       printf("%s ", *p);


       getprotoent(3), protocols(5)

       This  page  is  part of release 3.22 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, and information about reporting  bugs,  can
       be found at

GNU				  2008-08-19		      GETPROTOENT_R(3)

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