FGETWC(3C)FGETWC(3C)NAMEfgetwc - get a wide-character code from a stream
The fgetwc() function obtains the next character (if present) from the
input stream pointed to by stream, converts that to the corresponding
wide-character code and advances the associated file position indicator
for the stream (if defined).
If an error occurs, the resulting value of the file position indicator
for the stream is indeterminate.
The fgetwc() function may mark the st_atime field of the file associ‐
ated with stream for update. The st_atime field will be marked for
update by the first successful execution of fgetwc(), fgetc(3C),
fgets(3C), fgetws(3C), fread(3C), fscanf(3C), getc(3C), getchar(3C),
gets(3C), or scanf(3C) using stream that returns data not supplied by a
prior call to ungetc(3C) or ungetwc(3C).
Upon successful completion the fgetwc() function returns the wide-char‐
acter code of the character read from the input stream pointed to by
stream converted to a type wint_t.
For standard-conforming (see standards(5)) applications, if the end-of-
file indicator for the stream is set, fgetwc() returns WEOF whether or
not the stream is at end-of-file.
If a read error occurs, the error indicator for the stream is set,
fgetwc() returns WEOF and sets errno to indicate the error.
If an encoding error occurs, the error indicator for the stream is set,
fgetwc() returns WEOF, and errno is set to indicate the error.
The fgetwc() function will fail if data needs to be read and:
The O_NONBLOCK flag is set for the file descriptor under‐
lying stream and the process would be delayed in the
The file descriptor underlying stream is not a valid file
descriptor open for reading.
The read operation was terminated due to the receipt of a
signal, and no data was transferred.
A physical I/O error has occurred, or the process is in a
background process group attempting to read from its con‐
trolling terminal and either the process is ignoring or
blocking the SIGTTIN signal or the process group is
The file is a regular file and an attempt was made to
read at or beyond the offset maximum associated with the
The fgetwc() function may fail if:
Insufficient storage space is available.
A request was made of a non-existent device, or the request
was outside the capabilities of the device.
The data obtained from the input stream does not form a valid
The ferror(3C) or feof(3C) functions must be used to distinguish
between an error condition and an end-of-file condition.
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:
│ATTRIBUTE TYPE │ ATTRIBUTE VALUE │
│CSI │ Enabled │
│Interface Stability │ Standard │
│MT-Level │ MT-Safe with exceptions │
SEE ALSOfeof(3C), ferror(3C), fgetc(3C), fgets(3C), fgetws(3C), fopen(3C),
fread(3C), fscanf(3C), getc(3C), getchar(3C), gets(3C), scanf(3C), set‐
locale(3C), ungetc(3C), ungetwc(3C), attributes(5), standards(5)
Oct 15, 2003 FGETWC(3C)