env, printenv - Displays or sets the current environment, or displays
the values of environment variables
env [-i] [name=value...] [command] [args...]
env [-] [name=value...] [command] [args...]
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Invokes utility with exactly the environment specified by the argu‐
ments; the inherited environment is ignored completely. Changes are in
effect only while the specified command is running. Dash is equivalent
to -i option.
Changes in the form name=value are added to the current environment
before the command is run. [Tru64 UNIX] Name of an environment vari‐
able to be printed. Name of a command to be invoked with the modified
environment. Arguments to be passed to command when it is executed.
The env command lets you get and change your current environment, and
then run the specified command with the changed environment. If the -i
option is used, the current environment is ignored and the command runs
with only the changed environment. Changes are only in effect while
the specified command is running.
If command is not specified, env displays your current environment, one
name=value pair per line.
[Tru64 UNIX] The printenv command displays the values of the variables
in the environment. If name is specified, only its value is printed.
If name is not the name of a currently set environment variable, only a
blank line is printed, no error is reported. If name is not specified,
printenv displays the current environment, one name=value per line.
If command is invoked, the exit status of env is the exit status of
command; otherwise, the env utility exits with one of the following
values: The env utility completed successfully. An error occurred in
the env utility. The command specified by command was found but could
not be invoked. The command specified by command could not be found.
To add a shell variable to the environment for the duration of one com‐
mand (sh only), enter: TZ=MST7MDT date env TZ=MST7MDT date
Each of these commands displays the current date and time in
Mountain Standard Time. The two commands shown are equivalent.
When date is finished, the previous value of TZ takes effect
again. To replace the environment with another one, enter: env-i PATH=$PATH IDIR=/u/jim/include LIBDIR=/u/jim/lib make
This runs make in an environment that consists only of these
definitions for PATH, IDIR, and LIBDIR. You must redefine PATH
so that the shell can find the make command.
When make is finished, the previous environment takes effect
again. To find the current setting of the TERM environment
variable, enter: printenv TERM
The command returns the value for the TERM environment variable.
The following environment variables affect the execution of env: Pro‐
vides a default value for the internationalization variables that are
unset or null. If LANG is unset or null, the corresponding value from
the default locale is used. If any of the internationalization vari‐
ables contain an invalid setting, the utility behaves as if none of the
variables had been defined. If set to a non-empty string value, over‐
rides the values of all the other internationalization variables.
Determines the locale for the interpretation of sequences of bytes of
text data as characters (for example, single-byte as opposed to multi‐
byte characters in arguments). Determines the locale for the format
and contents of diagnostic messages written to standard error. Deter‐
mines the location of message catalogues for the processing of LC_MES‐
Commands: csh(1), ksh(1), Bourne shell sh(1b), POSIX shell sh(1p)