EDITCAP(1) The Ethereal Network Analyzer EDITCAP(1)NAMEeditcap - Edit and/or translate the format of capture files
SYNOPSYSeditcap [ -F file format ] [ -T encapsulation type ] [ -r ] [ -v ]
[ -s snaplen ] [ -t time adjustment ] [ -h ] infile outfile
[ record# ... ]
Editcap is a program that reads a saved capture file and writes some or
all of the packets in that capture file to another capture file.
Editcap knows how to read libpcap capture files, including those of
tcpdump, Ethereal, and other tools that write captures in that format.
In addition, Editcap can read capture files from snoop and atmsnoop,
Shomiti/Finisar Surveyor, Novell LANalyzer, Network General/Network
Associates DOS-based Sniffer (compressed or uncompressed), Microsoft
Network Monitor, AIX's iptrace, Cinco Networks NetXRay, Network
Associates Windows-based Sniffer, AG Group/WildPackets
EtherPeek/TokenPeek/AiroPeek, RADCOM's WAN/LAN analyzer, Lucent/Ascend
router debug output, HP-UX's nettl, the dump output from Toshiba's ISDN
routers, the output from i4btrace from the ISDN4BSD project, the output
in IPLog format from the Cisco Secure Intrusion Detection System, pppd
logs (pppdump format), the output from VMS's TCPIPtrace utility, the
text output from the DBS Etherwatch VMS utility, and traffic capture
files from Visual Networks' Visual UpTime. There is no need to tell
Editcap what type of file you are reading; it will determine the file
type by itself. Editcap is also capable of reading any of these file
formats if they are compressed using gzip. Editcap recognizes this
directly from the file; the '.gz' extension is not required for this
By default, it writes the capture file in libpcap format, and writes
all of the packets in the capture file to the output file. The -F flag
can be used to specify the format in which to write the capture file;
it can write the file in libpcap format (standard libpcap format, a
modified format used by some patched versions of libpcap, the format
used by Red Hat Linux 6.1, or the format used by SuSE Linux 6.3), snoop
format, uncompressed Sniffer format, Microsoft Network Monitor 1.x
format, the format used by Windows-based versions of the Sniffer
software, and the format used by Visual Networks' software.
A list of packet numbers can be specified on the command line; the
packets with those numbers will not be written to the capture file,
unless the -r flag is specified, in which case only those packets will
be written to the capture file. Ranges of packet numbers can be
specified as start-end, referring to all packets from start to end
(removing them all if -r isn't specified, including them all if -r is
If the -s flag is used to specify a snapshot length, frames in the
input file with more captured data than the specified snapshot length
will have only the amount of data specified by the snapshot length
written to the output file. This may be useful if the program that is
to read the output file cannot handle packets larger than a certain
size (for example, the versions of snoop in Solaris 2.5.1 and Solaris
2.6 appear to reject Ethernet frames larger than the standard Ethernet
MTU, making them incapable of handling gigabit Ethernet captures if
jumbo frames were used).
If the -t flag is used to specify a time adjustment, the specified
adjustment will be applied to all selected frames in the capture file.
The adjustment is specified as [-]seconds[.fractional seconds]. For
example, -t 3600 advances the timestamp on selected frames by one hour
while -t -0.5 reduces the timestamp on selected frames by one-half
second. This feature is useful when synchronizing dumps collected on
different machines where the time difference between the two machines
is known or can be estimated.
If the -T flag is used to specify an encapsulation type, the
encapsulation type of the output capture file will be forced to the
specified type, rather than being the type appropriate to the
encapsulation type of the input capture file. Note that this merely
forces the encapsulation type of the output file to be the specified
type; the packet headers of the packets will not be translated from the
encapsulation type of the input capture file to the specified
encapsulation type (for example, it will not translate an Ethernet
capture to an FDDI capture if an Ethernet capture is read and '-T fddi'
OPTIONS-F Sets the file format of the output capture file.
-T Sets the packet encapsulation type of the output capture file.
-r Causes the packets whose packet numbers are specified on the
command line to be written to the output capture file, and no other
packets to be written to the output capture file.
-v Causes editcap to print a number of messages while it's working.
-s Sets the snapshot length to use when writing the data.
-t Sets the time adjustment to use on selected frames.
-h Prints the version and options and exits.
SEE ALSOtcpdump(8), pcap(3), ethereal(1), mergecap(1)NOTES
Editcap is part of the Ethereal distribution. The latest version of
Ethereal can be found at http://www.ethereal.com.
Richard Sharpe <email@example.com>
Guy Harris <firstname.lastname@example.org>
3rd Berkeley Distribution 0.9.3 EDITCAP(1)