DGELSD(1) LAPACK driver routine (version 3.2) DGELSD(1)NAME
DGELSD - computes the minimum-norm solution to a real linear least
SUBROUTINE DGELSD( M, N, NRHS, A, LDA, B, LDB, S, RCOND, RANK, WORK,
LWORK, IWORK, INFO )
INTEGER INFO, LDA, LDB, LWORK, M, N, NRHS, RANK
DOUBLE PRECISION RCOND
INTEGER IWORK( * )
DOUBLE PRECISION A( LDA, * ), B( LDB, * ), S( * ), WORK( *
DGELSD computes the minimum-norm solution to a real linear least
minimize 2-norm(| b - A*x |)
using the singular value decomposition (SVD) of A. A is an M-by-N
matrix which may be rank-deficient.
Several right hand side vectors b and solution vectors x can be handled
in a single call; they are stored as the columns of the M-by-NRHS right
hand side matrix B and the N-by-NRHS solution matrix X.
The problem is solved in three steps:
(1) Reduce the coefficient matrix A to bidiagonal form with
Householder transformations, reducing the original problem
into a "bidiagonal least squares problem" (BLS)
(2) Solve the BLS using a divide and conquer approach.
(3) Apply back all the Householder tranformations to solve
the original least squares problem.
The effective rank of A is determined by treating as zero those singu‐
lar values which are less than RCOND times the largest singular value.
The divide and conquer algorithm makes very mild assumptions about
floating point arithmetic. It will work on machines with a guard digit
in add/subtract, or on those binary machines without guard digits which
subtract like the Cray X-MP, Cray Y-MP, Cray C-90, or Cray-2. It could
conceivably fail on hexadecimal or decimal machines without guard dig‐
its, but we know of none.
M (input) INTEGER
The number of rows of A. M >= 0.
N (input) INTEGER
The number of columns of A. N >= 0.
NRHS (input) INTEGER
The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns of
the matrices B and X. NRHS >= 0.
A (input) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDA,N)
On entry, the M-by-N matrix A. On exit, A has been destroyed.
LDA (input) INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,M).
B (input/output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDB,NRHS)
On entry, the M-by-NRHS right hand side matrix B. On exit, B
is overwritten by the N-by-NRHS solution matrix X. If m >= n
and RANK = n, the residual sum-of-squares for the solution in
the i-th column is given by the sum of squares of elements
n+1:m in that column.
LDB (input) INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,max(M,N)).
S (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (min(M,N))
The singular values of A in decreasing order. The condition
number of A in the 2-norm = S(1)/S(min(m,n)).
RCOND (input) DOUBLE PRECISION
RCOND is used to determine the effective rank of A. Singular
values S(i) <= RCOND*S(1) are treated as zero. If RCOND < 0,
machine precision is used instead.
RANK (output) INTEGER
The effective rank of A, i.e., the number of singular values
which are greater than RCOND*S(1).
WORK (workspace/output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension
On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.
LWORK (input) INTEGER
The dimension of the array WORK. LWORK must be at least 1. The
exact minimum amount of workspace needed depends on M, N and
NRHS. As long as LWORK is at least 12*N + 2*N*SMLSIZ + 8*N*NLVL
+ N*NRHS + (SMLSIZ+1)**2, if M is greater than or equal to N or
12*M + 2*M*SMLSIZ + 8*M*NLVL + M*NRHS + (SMLSIZ+1)**2, if M is
less than N, the code will execute correctly. SMLSIZ is
returned by ILAENV and is equal to the maximum size of the sub‐
problems at the bottom of the computation tree (usually about
25), and NLVL = MAX( 0, INT( LOG_2( MIN( M,N )/(SMLSIZ+1) ) ) +
1 ) For good performance, LWORK should generally be larger. If
LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine only
calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns this
value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error mes‐
sage related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA.
IWORK (workspace) INTEGER array, dimension (MAX(1,LIWORK))
LIWORK >= 3 * MINMN * NLVL + 11 * MINMN, where MINMN = MIN( M,N
INFO (output) INTEGER
= 0: successful exit
< 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value.
> 0: the algorithm for computing the SVD failed to converge;
if INFO = i, i off-diagonal elements of an intermediate bidiag‐
onal form did not converge to zero.
Based on contributions by
Ming Gu and Ren-Cang Li, Computer Science Division, University of
California at Berkeley, USA
Osni Marques, LBNL/NERSC, USA
LAPACK driver routine (version 3November 2008 DGELSD(1)