dbminit man page on DigitalUNIX

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dbm(3)									dbm(3)

       dbminit,	 fetch,	 store,	 delete,  firstkey, nextkey, forder - Database

       #include <dbm.h>

       typedef struct {
	   char *dptr
	       int dzise

       } datum;

       int dbminit(
	       char *file ); int store(
	       datum key,
	       datum content ); int delete(
	       datum key ); datum firstkey(
	       void ); datum nextkey(
	       datum key ); long forder(
	       datum key );

       DBM Library (libdbm.a)

       Specifies the database file.  Specifies the  key.   Specifies  a	 value
       associated with the key parameter.

       The  dbminit(),	fetch(), store(), delete(), firstkey(), nextkey(), and
       forder() functions maintain key/content pairs in a database.  They  are
       obtained with the -ldbm loader option. The dbm library is provided only
       for backwards compatibility, having been obsoleted by  the  ndbm	 func‐
       tions in libc. See the manual page for ndbm for more information.

       The  dbminit(),	fetch(), store(), delete(), firstkey(), nextkey(), and
       forder() functions handle very large databases (up to a billion blocks)
       and  access  a keyed item in one or two file system accesses. Arbitrary
       binary data, as well as normal ASCII strings, are allowed.

       The database is stored in two files. One file is a directory containing
       a  bit map and has as its suffix. The second file contains all data and
       has as its suffix.

       Before a database can be accessed, it must be opened by	the  dbminit()
       function.  At  the  time	 that  dbminit()  is  called, the file.dir and
       file.pag files must exist. (An empty database is	 created  by  creating
       zero-length and files.)

       Once open, the data stored under a key is accessed by the fetch() func‐
       tion and data is placed under a key by the store() function. A key (and
       its  associated contents) is deleted by the delete() function. A linear
       pass through all keys  in  a  database  may  be	made  by  use  of  the
       firstkey() and nextkey() functions. The firstkey() function returns the
       first key in the database. With any key, the nextkey() function returns
       the  next  key  in the database. The following code traverses the data‐
       base: for (key = firstkey(); key.dptr != NULL; key = nextkey(key))

       Upon successful completion, the functions that return an int  return  0
       (zero).	Otherwise,  a  negative number is returned. The functions that
       return a datum indicate errors with a null (0) dptr.

       Functions: ndbm(3)


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