CHETRD(1) LAPACK routine (version 3.2) CHETRD(1)[top]NAMECHETRD - reduces a complex Hermitian matrix A to real symmetric tridi‐ agonal form T by a unitary similarity transformationSYNOPSISSUBROUTINE CHETRD( UPLO, N, A, LDA, D, E, TAU, WORK, LWORK, INFO ) CHARACTER UPLO INTEGER INFO, LDA, LWORK, N REAL D( * ), E( * ) COMPLEX A( LDA, * ), TAU( * ), WORK( * )PURPOSECHETRD reduces a complex Hermitian matrix A to real symmetric tridiago‐ nal form T by a unitary similarity transformation: Q**H * A * Q = T.ARGUMENTSUPLO (input) CHARACTER*1 = 'U': Upper triangle of A is stored; = 'L': Lower triangle of A is stored. N (input) INTEGER The order of the matrix A. N >= 0. A (input/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDA,N) On entry, the Hermitian matrix A. If UPLO = 'U', the leading N-by-N upper triangular part of A contains the upper triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly lower triangular part of A is not referenced. If UPLO = 'L', the leading N-by-N lower triangular part of A contains the lower triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly upper triangular part of A is not referenced. On exit, if UPLO = 'U', the diagonal and first superdiagonal of A are overwritten by the corresponding ele‐ ments of the tridiagonal matrix T, and the elements above the first superdiagonal, with the array TAU, represent the unitary matrix Q as a product of elementary reflectors; if UPLO = 'L', the diagonal and first subdiagonal of A are over- written by the corresponding elements of the tridiagonal matrix T, and the elements below the first subdiagonal, with the array TAU, rep‐ resent the unitary matrix Q as a product of elementary reflec‐ tors. See Further Details. LDA (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N). D (output) REAL array, dimension (N) The diagonal elements of the tridiagonal matrix T: D(i) = A(i,i). E (output) REAL array, dimension (N-1) The off-diagonal elements of the tridiagonal matrix T: E(i) = A(i,i+1) if UPLO = 'U', E(i) = A(i+1,i) if UPLO = 'L'. TAU (output) COMPLEX array, dimension (N-1) The scalar factors of the elementary reflectors (see Further Details). WORK (workspace/output) COMPLEX array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK)) On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK. LWORK (input) INTEGER The dimension of the array WORK. LWORK >= 1. For optimum per‐ formance LWORK >= N*NB, where NB is the optimal blocksize. If LWORK =, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error mes‐ sage related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA. INFO (output) INTEGER = 0: successful exit < 0: if INFO =-1, the i-th argument had an illegal value-iFURTHER DETAILSIf UPLO = 'U', the matrix Q is represented as a product of elementary reflectors Q = H(n-1) . . . H(2) H(1). Each H(i) has the form H(i) = I - tau * v * v' where tau is a complex scalar, and v is a complex vector with v(i+1:n) = 0 and v(i) = 1; v(1:i-1) is stored on exit in A(1:i-1,i+1), and tau in TAU(i). If UPLO = 'L', the matrix Q is represented as a product of elementary reflectors Q = H(1) H(2) . . . H(n-1). Each H(i) has the form H(i) = I - tau * v * v' where tau is a complex scalar, and v is a complex vector with v(1:i) = 0 and v(i+1) = 1; v(i+2:n) is stored on exit in A(i+2:n,i), and tau in TAU(i). The contents of A on exit are illustrated by the following examples with n = 5: if UPLO = 'U': if UPLO = 'L': ( d e v2 v3 v4 ) ( d ) ( d e v3 v4 ) ( e d ) ( d e v4 ) ( v1 e d ) ( d e ) ( v1 v2 e d ) ( d ) ( v1 v2 v3 e d ) where d and e denote diagonal and off-diagonal elements of T, and vi denotes an element of the vector defining H(i). LAPACK routine (version 3.2) November 2008 CHETRD(1)

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