CGRULES.CONF(5) libcgroup Manual CGRULES.CONF(5)NAMEcgrules.conf - libcgroup configuration file
DESCRIPTIONcgrules.conf configuration file is used by libcgroups to define control
groups to which a process belongs.
The file contains a list of rules which assign to a defined group/user
a control group in a subsystem (or control groups in subsystems).
Rules have two formats:
<user> <controllers> <destination>
<user>:<process name> <controllers> <destination>
user can be:
- a user name
- a group name with @group syntax
- the wildcard '*', for any user or group
- '%', which is equivalent to "ditto" (useful for
multi-line rules where different cgroups need to be
specified for various hierarchies for a single user)
process name is optional and it can be:
- a process name
- a full command path of a process
controllers can be:
- comma separated controller names (no spaces) or
- * (for all mounted controllers)
destination can be:
- path relative to the controller hierarchy (ex. pgrp1/gid1/uid1)
- following strings called "templates" and will get expanded
%u username, uid if name resolving fails
%g group name, gid if name resolving fails
%p process name, pid if name not available
'\' can be used to escape '%'
First rule which matches the criteria will be executed.
Any text starting with '#' is considered as a start of comment line and
If the destination contains template string, the control group can be
created on-fly. In time when some process wants to use the template
rule which leads to control group (see cgexec (1)) and the control
group does not exist, the group is created. The template control group
parameters can be specified in cgconfig.conf configuration file. See
(cgconfig.conf (5)). If the template definition is not found there
created group have default kernel setting.
student devices /usergroup/students
Student's processes in the 'devices' subsystem belong to the control
student:cp devices /usergroup/students/cp
When student executes 'cp' command, the processes in the 'devices' sub‐
system belong to the control group /usergroup/students/cp.
@admin * admingroup/
Processes started by anybody from admin group no matter in what subsys‐
tem belong to the control group admingroup/.
peter cpu test1/
% memory test2/
The first line says Peter's task for cpu controller belongs to test1
control group. The second one says Peter's tasks for memory controller
belong to test2/ control group.
* * default/
All processes in any subsystem belong to the control group default/.
Since the earliest matched rule is applied, it makes sense to have this
line at the end of the list. It will put a task which was not mentioned
in the previous rules to default/ control group.
@students cpu,cpuacct students/%u
Processes in cpu and cpuacct subsystems started by anybody from stu‐
dents group belong to group students/name. Where "name" is user name of
owner of the process.
default libcgroup configuration file
cgconfig.conf (5), cgclassify (1), cgred.conf (5)
BUGSLinux 2009-03-10 CGRULES.CONF(5)