buffchan man page on 4.4BSD

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BUFFCHAN(8)							   BUFFCHAN(8)

       buffchan - buffered file-writing backend for InterNetNews

       buffchan	 [  -b	]  [  -c  lines ] [ -C seconds ] [ -d directory ] [ -f
       fields ] [ -m map ] [ -p pidfile ] [ -l lines ] [ -L seconds ] [ -r ] [
       -s file_format ] [ -u ]

       Buffchan	 reads	lines from standard input and copies certain fields in
       each line into files named by other fields within the  line.   Buffchan
       is intended to be called by innd(8) as an exploder feed.

       Buffchan	 input is interpreted as a set of lines.  Each line contains a
       fixed number of initial fields, followed by a variable number of	 file‐
       name  fields.   All  fields in a line are separated by whitespace.  The
       default number of initial fields is one; the ``-f'' flag may be used to
       specify a different number of fields.  See filechan(8) for an example.

       After  the  initial fields, each remaining field names a file to write.
       The ``-s'' flag may be used to specify a format string  that  maps  the
       field  to a file name.  This is a sprintf(3) format string which should
       have a single ``%s'' parameter which will  be  given  the  field.   The
       default	value is /var/spool/news/out.going/%s.	See the description of
       this flag in filechan(8).  The ``-d'' flag may be  used	to  specify  a
       directory  the  program should change to before starting.  If this flag
       is used, then the default for the ``-s'' flag is changed to be a simple

       Once  buffchan opens a file it keeps it open.  The input must therefore
       never specify more files than can the number of	available  descriptors
       can keep open.  If the ``-b'' flag is used, the program will allocate a
       buffer and attach it to the file using setbuf(3).  If the  ``-u''  flag
       is used, the program will request unbuffered output.

       If  the	``-l''	flag  is used with a number n, then buffchan will call
       fflush(3) after every n lines are written to a  file.   If  the	``-c''
       flag  is used with a number n, then buffchan will close, and re-open, a
       file after every n lines are written to a file.

       If the ``-L'' flag is used with a number n,  then  all  files  will  be
       flushed	every  n  seconds.   Similarly, the ``-C'' flag may be used to
       specify that all files should be closed and re-opened every n seconds.

       By   default,   the   program	sets	its    standard	   error    to
       /var/spool/news/data/errlog.   To  suppress  this  redirection, use the
       ``-r'' flag.

       If the ``-p'' flag is used, the program will write  a  line  containing
       its process ID (in text) to the specified file.

       Buffchan	 can  be  invoked  as an exploder feed (see newsfeeds(5)).  As
       such, if a line starts with an exclamation point it will be treated  as
       a command.  There are three commands, described below:

       flush  The  ``flush''  command  closes  and  re-opens  all  open files;
	      ``flush xxx'' which flushes only the specified site.  These  are
	      analogous	 to  the  ctlinnd(8)  ``flush''	 command,  and	can be
	      achieved by doing a ``send "flush xxx"'' command.	  Applications
	      can  tell	 that the ``flush'' has completed by renaming the file
	      before issuing the command; buffchan has completed  the  command
	      when the original filename re-appears.

       Buffchan also changes the access permissions of the file from read-only
       for everyone to read-write for owner and group as it flushes or	closes
       each output file.  It will change the modes back to read-only if it re-
       opens the same file.

       drop The ``drop'' command is similar to the  ``flush''  command	except
       that any files are not re-opened.  If given an argument, then the spec‐
       ified site is dropped, otherwise all sites are dropped.	(Note that the
       site  will be restarted if the input stream mentions the site.)	When a
       ctlinnd ``drop site'' command is sent, innd will automatically  forward
       the  command  to	 buffchan if the site is a funnel that feeds into this
       exploder.  To drop all sites,  use  the	ctlinnd	 ``send	 buffchan-site
       drop'' command.

	      The map file (specified with the ``-m'' flag) is reloaded.

       Written	by  Rich  $alz <rsalz@uunet.uu.net> for InterNetNews.  This is
       revision 1.7, dated 1993/03/18.

       ctlinnd(8), filechan(8), innd(8), newsfeeds(5).


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