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ACTIVE(5)							     ACTIVE(5)

       active, active.times - list of active Usenet newsgroups

       The  file  /var/spool/news/data/active  lists  the  newsgroups that the
       local site receives.  Each newsgroup should be listed only once.	  Each
       line  specifies	one  group;  their  order in the file does not matter.
       Within each newsgroup, articles are assigned unique  names,  which  are
       monotonically increasing numbers.

       If an article is posted to newsgroups not mentioned in this file, those
       newsgroups are ignored.	If no  valid  newsgroups  are  specified,  the
       article is rejected.

       Each line consists of four fields specified by a space:
	      name himark lomark flags
       The  first field is the name of the newsgroup.  The second field is the
       highest article number that has been used in that newsgroup.  The third
       field  is  the  lowest  article number in the group; this number is not
       guaranteed to be accurate, and should only be taken to be a hint.  Note
       that because of article cancellations, there may be gaps in the number‐
       ing sequence.  If the lowest article number is greater then the highest
       article	number, then there are no articles in the newsgroup.  In order
       to make it possible to update an entry in-place without	rewriting  the
       entire  file,  the  second and third fields are padded out with leading
       zeros to make them a fixed width.

       The fourth field can contain one of the following flags:
	      y		 Local postings are allowed
	      n		 No local postings are allowed, only remote ones
	      m		 The group is moderated and all postings must be approved
	      j		 Articles in this group are not kept, but only passed on
	      x		 Articles cannot be posted to this newsgroup	 Articles are locally filed into the ``'' group

       If a newsgroup has the ``j'' flag, then no articles will be filed  into
       that  newsgroup	and  local postings to that group should not be gener‐
       ated.  If an article for such a newsgroup is  received  from  a	remote
       site,  it will be filed into the ``junk'' newsgroup if it is not cross-
       posted.	This is different from not having a newsgroup  listed  in  the
       file  because  sites  can subscribe to ``j'' newsgroups and the article
       will be propagated to them.

       If the fourth field of a newsgroup starts with an equal sign, then  the
       newsgroup  is  an alias.	 Articles can be posted to the group, but will
       be treated as if they were posted to the group named  after  the	 equal
       sign.   The  second  and third fields are ignored.  Note that the News‐
       group header is not modified (Alias groups are typically used during  a
       transition, and are typically created with ctlinnd(8)).	An alias news‐
       group should not point to another alias.

       The file	 /var/spool/news/data/active.times  provides  a	 chronological
       record  of  when newsgroups are created.	 This file is normally updated
       by innd(8) whenever a ctlinnd ``newgroup'' command is done.  Each  line
       consist of three fields:
	      name time creator

       The  first field is the name of the newsgroup.  The second field is the
       time it was created, expressed as the number of seconds since the epoch
       —  i.e.,	 a  time_t; see gettimeofday(2).  The third field is the elec‐
       tronic mail address of the person who created the group.

       Written by Rich $alz <> for  InterNetNews.   This  is
       revision 1.10, dated 1993/01/29.

       ctlinnd(8), innd(8).


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