acctmerg man page on DigitalUNIX

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acctmerg(8)							   acctmerg(8)

       acctmerg - Merges total-accounting files into an intermediary file or a
       daily accounting file

       acctmerg [-ahipv] [specification] [-tu] [file...]

       Produces output as ASCII records.  Lists column headings.  This	option
       implies	-a  but is effective with the -p or -v options.	 Expects input
       files to have  ASCII  records  that  are	 converted  to	binary	output
       records.	 Lists input but without processing.  Produces a single record
       that contains the totals of all input.  Summarizes by  user  ID	rather
       than  by	 user  name. This is convenient when a single user ID is allo‐
       cated to more than one user name.  Produces output in ASCII, with  more
       precise notation for floating-point values.

       The  acctmerg  command combines process, connect time, fee, disk usage,
       and queuing (printer) total-accounting records in tacct binary or tacct
       ASCII  format  (see the tacct structure in the acct.h file format for a
       description of this  total-accounting  format).	The  acctmerg  command
       writes  the  results  of	 record	 processing  to	 standard  output. The
       accounting file produced by the acctmerg command may have  entries  for
       as  many	 as  18 columns. Column headings are printed only when you use
       the -h option. The following table lists the column headings by number,
       the column heading by label, and the purpose of the entry:

       Column	Label		     Purpose

       1	UID		     User ID. This is the integer value of the
				     user ID from the /etc/passwd file.
       2	LOGNAME		     User login name. This is the  alpha  user
				     login name from the /etc/passwd file.
       3	PRI_CPU		     Prime-time	 CPU  run  time.  This	is the
				     total time in seconds that prime-time CPU
				     run  time	was charged to the user during
				     the active accounting period.
       4	NPRI_CPU	     Nonprime-time CPU run time. This  is  the
				     total  time in seconds that nonprime-time
				     CPU run time was  charged	to  the	 named
       5	NPRI_MEM	     Prime-time	 memory K-core. This is a mea‐
				     sure of memory usage during  prime	 time.
				     This value expresses the amount of memory
				     used and the elapsed amount of prime time
				     during  which  it was used (K-core is the
				     product of total CPU time in minutes  and
				     mean size of memory used).
       6	NPRI_MEM	     Nonprime-time  memory  K-core.  This is a
				     measure of memory usage  during  nonprime
       7	PRI_RD/WR	     Prime-time	 read  and  write  characters.
				     This is the total	number	of  characters
				     transferred during prime-time operation.
       8	NPRI_RD/WR	     Nonprime-time  read and write characters.
				     This is the total	number	of  characters
				     transferred  during  nonprime-time opera‐

       9	PRI_BLKIO	     Prime-time number of I/O blocks. This  is
				     the  total	 number	 of  I/O blocks trans‐
				     ferred during prime-time read  and	 write
				     operations.   The	number	of bytes in an
				     I/O block is implementation dependent.
       10	NPRI_BLKIO	     Nonprime-time number of I/O blocks.  This
				     is	 the total number of I/O blocks trans‐
				     ferred  during  nonprime-time  read   and
				     write operations.
       11	PRI_CONNECT	     Prime-time	 connect duration. This is the
				     total number of prime-time seconds during
				     which a connection existed
       12	NPRI_CONNECT	     Nonprime-time  connect  duration. This is
				     the total number of nonprime-time seconds
				     during which a connection existed.
       13	DSK_BLOCKS	     Disk  blocks used. This is the total num‐
				     ber of disk blocks used.
       14	PRINT		     Number of	pages  printed.	 This  is  the
				     total  number  of	pages  queued  to  any
				     printers in the system.
       15	FEES		     Special fee charge	 units.	 This  is  the
				     number of integer units to charge for any
				     special fee. This value is the  one  sup‐
				     plied  when  the /usr/sbin/acct/chargefee
				     command is processed during  the	active
				     accounting period.
       16	 PROCESSES	     Number  of	 processes.  This is the total
				     number of processes spawned by  the  user
				     during the active accounting period
       17	SESS		     Number  of logins. This is the total num‐
				     ber of times the user  logged  in	during
				     the active accounting period.
       18	DSAMPS		     Number  of	 disk-accounting samples. This
				     is the total number of times  during  the
				     active  accounting	 period that the disk-
				     accounting command was used  to  get  the
				     total number of disk blocks listed in the
				     DSK_BLOCKS column. When the value in  the
				     DSK_BLOCKS	 column is divide by this num‐
				     ber, the average number  of  disk	blocks
				     used  during  the	accounting  period  is

       Total accounting records are read from standard	input  and  any	 addi‐
       tional  files  (up  to  nine)  you specify with the file operand.  File
       records are merged according to identical keys, usually the user ID and
       user login name.	 To optimize processing performance, output is written
       in binary, unless the -a or -v option is used.

       Normally the acctmerg command is called from the runacct	 shell	proce‐
       dure,  either  to produce an intermediate file (/var/adm/acct/nite/day‐
       tacct, for example) when one or more  source accounting files is	 full,
       or    to	  merge	  intermediate	 files	 into	a   cumulative	 total
       (/var/adm/acct/sum/tacct, is another example).  The   cumulative	 total
       daily  files  are the source from which the monacct command produces an
       ASCII monthly summary file, which is written to the  /var/adm/acct/fis‐
       cal subdirectory.

       The optional specification operand allows you to select input or output
       column entries, as illustrated in Example 1.  Field specifications  are
       a comma-separated string of field numbers. Field numbers are referenced
       in boldface type in the first column of	the  foregoing	list  together
       with  their  respective column headings. When you specify field numbers
       they should be listed in the order specified by the  boldfaced  heading
       reference numbers.

       Inclusive field ranges may also be specified, with array sizes properly
       taken into account except for the ta_name  number  of  characters.  For
       example,	 -h2-3,11,15-13,2  displays  the  LOGNAME  (2),	 PRI_CPU  (3),
       PRI_CONNECT time (11), FEES (15), PRINT	(14),  DISK_BLOCKS  (13),  and
       again  LOGNAME  (2),  in that order, with the described column headings
       (-h). The default specification is to output all 18  columns  (1-18  or
       1-),  which  produces  rather  wide output records that contain all the
       available accounting data.

       Queuing system, disk usage, or fee  data	 can  be  converted  intotacct
       records	with the acctmerge command, using the -i option and the speci‐
       fication operand.

       To merge inclusive fields from an  ASCII	 disk-accounting  file	called
       dacct  into  an	existing  total-accounting  file named tacct as binary
       information, but with entries for fields 1, 2, 13, and 18  only,	 enter
       the  following line: acctmerg  -i1,-2,13,18  <dacct  |  acctmerg	 tacct

	      The acctmerg command reads the columnar  entries	for  UID  (1),
	      LOGNAME  (2),  DSK_BLOCKS	 (13),	and DSAMPS (18) from the dacct
	      file as input, merges this information as tacct binary  records,
	      and  writes  the	result to standard output as ASCII.  To repair
	      file jan2.rpt in inclusive tacct columnar format, enter the fol‐
	      lowing  initial  command, edit the jan2.tmp file, and then enter
	      the last command: acctmerg  -v  <jan2.rpt	 >jan2.tmp

	      Edit jan2.tmp as desired....  acctmerg  -i  >jan2.tmp  >jan2.rpt

	      The first command redirects the content of file jan2.rpt to file
	      jan2.tmp, with ASCII output and floating-point values. After you
	      edit file jan2.tmp, the last command redirects file jan2.tmp  as
	      ASCII  input  to file jan2.rpt as output, with output records in

       Specifies the command path.  Accounting header files that  define  for‐
       mats  for  writing  accounting files.  This is where prime time is set.
       Intermediate daily total-accounting file.  Cumulative  total-accounting

       Commands:  acct(8),  acctcms(8),	 acctcom(8),  acctcon(8), acctdisk(8),
       acctprc(8), fwtmp(8), runacct(8), wtmpconvert(8)

       Functions: acct(2)


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