INET_NTOP man page on Archlinux

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INET_NTOP(3P)		   POSIX Programmer's Manual		 INET_NTOP(3P)

       This  manual  page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual.  The Linux
       implementation of this interface may differ (consult the	 corresponding
       Linux  manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may
       not be implemented on Linux.

       inet_ntop, inet_pton — convert IPv4 and IPv6 addresses  between	binary
       and text form

       #include <arpa/inet.h>

       const char *inet_ntop(int af, const void *restrict src,
	   char *restrict dst, socklen_t size);
       int inet_pton(int af, const char *restrict src, void *restrict dst);

       The  inet_ntop()	 function  shall convert a numeric address into a text
       string suitable for presentation. The af	 argument  shall  specify  the
       family  of the address. This can be AF_INET or AF_INET6.	 The src argu‐
       ment points to a buffer holding an IPv4 address if the af  argument  is
       AF_INET, or an IPv6 address if the af argument is AF_INET6; the address
       must be in network byte order. The dst  argument	 points	 to  a	buffer
       where  the  function  stores the resulting text string; it shall not be
       NULL. The size argument specifies the size of this buffer, which	 shall
       be large enough to hold the text string (INET_ADDRSTRLEN characters for
       IPv4, INET6_ADDRSTRLEN characters for IPv6).

       The inet_pton() function shall convert an address in its standard  text
       presentation  form  into its numeric binary form. The af argument shall
       specify the family of the address. The  AF_INET	and  AF_INET6  address
       families	 shall	be  supported.	The  src argument points to the string
       being passed in. The dst argument points to a  buffer  into  which  the
       function stores the numeric address; this shall be large enough to hold
       the numeric address (32 bits for AF_INET, 128 bits for AF_INET6).

       If the af argument of inet_pton() is AF_INET, the src string  shall  be
       in the standard IPv4 dotted-decimal form:


       where  "ddd"  is	 a one to three digit decimal number between 0 and 255
       (see inet_addr()).  The inet_pton() function does not accept other for‐
       mats  (such  as	the octal numbers, hexadecimal numbers, and fewer than
       four numbers that inet_addr() accepts).

       If the af argument of inet_pton() is AF_INET6, the src string shall  be
       in one of the following standard IPv6 text forms:

	1. The	preferred  form	 is  "x:x:x:x:x:x:x:x", where the 'x's are the
	   hexadecimal values of the  eight  16-bit  pieces  of	 the  address.
	   Leading  zeros in individual fields can be omitted, but there shall
	   be at least one numeral in every field.

	2. A string of contiguous zero fields in the  preferred	 form  can  be
	   shown  as  "::".   The  "::"	 can  only  appear once in an address.
	   Unspecified addresses ("0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0") may be represented simply
	   as "::".

	3. A  third form that is sometimes more convenient when dealing with a
	   mixed environment of IPv4 and IPv6 nodes is	"x:x:x:x:x:x:d.d.d.d",
	   where  the  'x's  are  the hexadecimal values of the six high-order
	   16-bit pieces of the address, and the 'd's are the  decimal	values
	   of  the  four  low-order 8-bit pieces of the address (standard IPv4

       Note:	 A more extensive description of the standard  representations
		 of IPv6 addresses can be found in RFC 2373.

       The  inet_ntop() function shall return a pointer to the buffer contain‐
       ing the text string if the conversion succeeds, and NULL otherwise, and
       set errno to indicate the error.

       The  inet_pton()	 function  shall  return 1 if the conversion succeeds,
       with the address pointed to by dst in  network  byte  order.  It	 shall
       return  0  if  the input is not a valid IPv4 dotted-decimal string or a
       valid IPv6 address string, or −1 with errno set	to  [EAFNOSUPPORT]  if
       the af argument is unknown.

       The inet_ntop() and inet_pton() functions shall fail if:

	      The af argument is invalid.

       ENOSPC The size of the inet_ntop() result buffer is inadequate.

       The following sections are informative.





       The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1‐2008, <arpa_inet.h>

       Portions	 of  this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form
       from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2013 Edition, Standard for Information Technology
       --  Portable  Operating	System	Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base
       Specifications Issue 7, Copyright (C) 2013 by the Institute of Electri‐
       cal  and	 Electronics  Engineers,  Inc  and  The	 Open Group.  (This is
       POSIX.1-2008 with the 2013 Technical Corrigendum	 1  applied.)  In  the
       event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and
       The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group  Standard
       is  the	referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online
       at .

       Any typographical or formatting errors that appear  in  this  page  are
       most likely to have been introduced during the conversion of the source
       files to man page format. To report such errors,	 see  https://www.ker‐ .

IEEE/The Open Group		     2013			 INET_NTOP(3P)

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