Euro man page on DigitalUNIX

Man page or keyword search:  
man Server   12896 pages
apropos Keyword Search (all sections)
Output format
DigitalUNIX logo
[printable version]

euro(5)								       euro(5)

       euro, Euro, EUR - Euro currency sign

       The  Euro currency is the new currency for European countries belonging
       to the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU). Euro currency was  introduced
       in  1999.  By  January  2002,  the new currency is scheduled to replace
       local currencies for most EMU member countries.

       The Euro currency has its own euro currency sign, which looks  like  an
       equal  sign (=) superimposed on the capital letter C. Several character
       sets have been updated or invented to include the euro character. Among
       these are: Unicode Version 2.1 or later. The euro currency sign was not
       defined in Unicode codesets prior to the Version 2.1 Unicode  standard.
       Implementations	of  Unicode encoding formats based on pre-2.1 versions
       do not include the euro character.  ISO/IEC 8859-15  (Latin-9)  Certain
       DOS and Microsoft code pages

       If  your	 character  set	 does  not support the euro character, you can
       prepend the string EUR before monetary amounts in Euro currency in  the
       same  way  USD  is  sometimes used to specify U. S.  dollars in certain
       kinds of financial reports.

       The following table specifies the encoding position of the euro charac‐
       ter in each of these character sets:

       Character Set		     Euro Position
       Unicode (ISO/IEC 10646)	     U+20AC
       ISO/IEC 8859-15 (Latin-9)     0xA4
       GB18030 (Chinese Standard)    0xa2e3
       CP1250 (Windows Latin-2)	     0x80
       CP1251 (Windows Cyrillic)     0x88
       CP1252 (Windows Latin-1)	     0x80
       CP1253 (Windows Greek)	     0x80
       CP1254 (Windows Turkish)	     0x80
       CP1255 (Windows Hebrew)	     0x80
       CP1256 (Windows Arabic)	     0x80
       CP1257 (Windows Baltic)	     0x80
       CP1258 (Windows Vietnamese)   0x80
       CP874 (DOS Thai)		     0x80

   Locales That Support the Euro Character
       Tru64 UNIX locales that support the euro character use either the UTF-8
       or ISO 8859-15 codeset. The following table lists these locales by lan‐
       guage	and   country:	 ca_ES.UTF-8,	ca_ES.ISO8859-15   zh_CN.UTF-8
       zh_HK.UTF-8  zh_TW.UTF-8	 cs_CZ.UTF-8   da_DK.UTF-8,   da_DK.ISO8859-15
       nl_NL.UTF-8,	nl_NL.ISO8859-15     en_GB.UTF-8,     en_GB.ISO8859-15
       en_EU.UTF-8@euro (This is a special-purpose locale  that	 is  explained
       following  the  list.)  en_US.UTF-8, en_US.UTF-8@euro, en_US.ISO8859-15
       fi_FI.UTF-8,	fi_FI.ISO8859-15     nl_BE.UTF-8,     nl_BE.ISO8859-15
       fr_BE.UTF-8,	fr_BE.ISO8859-15     fr_CA.UTF-8,     fr_CA.ISO8859-15
       fr_FR.UTF-8,	fr_FR.ISO8859-15     fr_CH.UTF-8,     fr_CH.ISO8859-15
       de_DE.UTF-8, de_DE.ISO8859-15 de_CH.UTF-8, de_CH.ISO8859-15 el_GR.UTF-8
       hu_HU.UTF-8 is_IS.UTF-8, is_IS.ISO8859-15 it_IT.UTF-8, it_IT.ISO8859-15
       ja_JP.UTF-8   ko_KR.UTF-8   li_LT.UTF-8	no_NO.UTF-8,  no_NO.ISO8859-15
       pl_PL.UTF-8  pt_PT.UTF-8,  pt_PT.ISO8859-15   ru_RU.UTF-8   sk_SK.UTF-8
       sl_SI.UTF-8 es_ES.UTF-8, ds_ES.ISO8859-15 sv_SE.UTF-8, sv_SE.ISO8859-15

       From the Options menu of the Login window, CDE users can choose locales
       by  using the Language menu and choosing languages whose names are fol‐
       lowed by “(Unicode).” Alternatively, users can set the LANG environment
       variable	 to  one  of  the locales in a terminal emulation window.  The
       Latin-9 locales can be set in a terminal emulation window. When set  in
       a terminal emulation window, the locale setting applies to child appli‐
       cations subsequently invoked from that window.

       The @euro locale variants provide LC_MONETARY definitions for the  euro
       character  and are intended for assignment specifically to the LC_MONE‐
       TARY locale variable. In these locales,	the  local  currency  sign  is
       defined to be the euro character and the international currency sign is
       defined to be EUR. In addition, the LC_MONETARY definition  is  set  to
       the euro character for the and locales of the languages that have fully
       adopted the euro; see l10n_intro(5). Because the euro character is  not
       in  the	Latin-1	 character repertoire, the (Latin-1) locales for these
       languages continue to use the pre-euro local currency; lira in Italian,
       for example.

       The  en_US.UTF-8@euro  locale  defines the radix point to be the period
       (.)  and	 the  thousands	 separator  to	 be   the   comma   (,).   The
       en_EU.UTF-8@euro locale reverses these character assignments; the radix
       point is a comma (,) and the  thousands	separator  is  a  period  (.).
       Because	en_EU.UTF-8@euro  is  intended for assignment only to LC_MONE‐
       TARY, the locale is useful for languages other than English. For	 exam‐
       ple,  support  for the euro character in Poland can be obtained by set‐
       ting LANG to pl_PL.UTF-8 and LC_MONETARY to en_EU.UTF-8@euro.


       The LC_ALL environment variable overrides settings of all locale	 cate‐
       gory  variables,	 such  as LC_MONETARY.	When setting LC_MONETARY to be
       different from settings for the remainder of locale categories, be sure
       to use the LANG, not the LC_ALL, environment variable.

       Applications  that  currently assume that 1 character of data is repre‐
       sented by 1 byte of data in file code can more easily support the  euro
       character by running in a locale rather than a locale. Because UTF-8 is
       basically a multibyte character	encoding  format,  programmers	cannot
       assume  that  1 character is equal to 1 byte of input data. To run in a
       locale, applications should use functions  that	handle	multibyte  and
       wide-character  data  rather  than older functions that operate only on
       single-byte characters. See Writing Software for the International Mar‐
       ket for more information on this topic. See Unicode(5)for more informa‐
       tion about UTF-8 encoding formats.

   Codeset Converters That Support the Euro Character
       Codeset converters are available to convert data between encoding  for‐
       mats  that  support  the euro character. Codeset converters can convert
       file data between the following formats: Unicode encoding  formats  and
       the  874	 and  125* code pages Unicode encoding formats and ISO 8859-15

       For   more   information	  about	  these	  codeset   converters,	   see
       iconv_intro(5), Unicode(5), code_page(5), and iso8859-15(5).

   Keyboard Entry of the Euro Character
       Depending  on locale setting and keyboard style, you can use particular
       key sequences to enter the euro character.

       When using a or locale and a keyboard that supports the Compose-charac‐
       ter entry method, you can use the Compose key input method to enter the
       euro character. For Compose-key input, you press	 and  release  certain
       keys in sequence, starting with the key defined as the Compose key. For
       the euro character, use one of the following two sequences: Compose C =
       Compose = C

       Left Compose+E is the most efficient key sequence for entering the euro
       character on VT-style keyboards in all languages that support the  euro
       (except	for  the  United Kingdom). In the United Kingdom, the VT-style
       keyboard sequence is Left Compose+4.

       Right Alt+E is the most efficient key sequence for  entering  the  euro
       character  on PC-style keyboards in all languages that support the euro
       (except for the United Kingdom). In the United  Kingdom,	 the  PC-style
       keyboard sequence is Right Alt+4.

       The  key	 sequences are supported only by xkb format keymaps (which are
       the default for CDE users). When using these key	 sequences,  you  hold
       down the first key while pressing the other.

       See  keyboard(5)	 for  more  information	 about keyboards, keymaps, and
       character entry modes.

   Font Support for the Euro Character
       The operating system does not provide native Unicode fonts that include
       glyphs for the euro character. However, the character is supported by a
       set of Latin-9 fonts. The X font library has been extended to combine a
       number  of fonts together to provide logical Unicode fonts for applica‐
       tions to use.  The names of these logical fonts	end  with  ISO10646-1.
       You  can	 use  the  xlsfonts  utility  to  find	out if these fonts are
       installed on your system.

   Printer Support for the Euro Character
       Printing of file data in UTF-8 or Latin-9  format  is  supported	 by  a
       generic	PostScript  print filter. See wwpsof(8) for information on how
       to configure this print filter.

       Commands: xlsfonts(1X), wwpsof(8)

       Others: code_page(5), i18n_intro(5), i18n_printing(5),  iconv_intro(5),
       iso8859-15(5), keyboard(5), l10n_intro(5), Unicode(5)

       Writing Software for the International Market

       Using International Software


List of man pages available for DigitalUNIX

Copyright (c) for man pages and the logo by the respective OS vendor.

For those who want to learn more, the polarhome community provides shell access and support.

[legal] [privacy] [GNU] [policy] [cookies] [netiquette] [sponsors] [FAQ]
Polarhome, production since 1999.
Member of Polarhome portal.
Based on Fawad Halim's script.
Vote for polarhome
Free Shell Accounts :: the biggest list on the net